学习啦  於宝   2019-11-29 10:42:45




  How can we become good learners?


  1. good learners 优秀的学习者

  2. work with friends 和朋友一起学习

  3. study for a test 备考

  4.have conversations with 与……交谈

  5.speaking skills 口语技巧

  6.a little 有点儿

  7.at first 起初 起先

  8.the secret to... .......的秘诀

  9.because of 因为

  10.as well 也

  11.look up 查阅;抬头看

  12.so that 以便,为了

  13.the meaning of ……的意思

  14.make mistakes 犯错误

  15.talk to 交谈

  16.depend on 依靠 依赖

  17.in common 共有的

  18.pay attention to 注意 关注

  19. connect …with …把……联系

  20.for example 例如

  21.think about 考虑

  22.even if 即使 尽管 纵容

  23.look for 寻找

  24.worry about 担心 担忧

  25.make word cards 制作单词卡片

  26.ask the teacher for help 向老师求助

  27.read aloud 大声读

  28.spoken English 英语口语

  29.give a report 作报告

  30.word by word 一字一字地

  31. so……that 如此……以至于

  32.fall in love with 爱上

  33.something interesting 有趣的事情

  34.take notes 记笔记

  35.how often 多久一次

  36.a lot of 许多

  37.the ability to do sth. 做某事的能力

  38.learning habits 学习习惯

  39.be interested in 对……感兴趣

  40.get bored 感到无聊



 、賅hat/ how about +doing sth.? 做…怎么样?

  如:What/ How about going shopping?

 、赪hy don't you + do sth.? 你为什么不做…?

  如:Why don't you go shopping?

 、踂hy not + do sth. ? 为什么不做…?

  如:Why not go shopping?

 、躄et's + do sth. 让我们做…吧。

  如: Let's go shopping

 、軸hall we/ I + do sth.? 我们/我…好吗?

  如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

  2. too…to...... 太…而不能

  如:I'm too tired to say anything.


  3. be / get excited about sth. 对…感兴奋

  4. end up doing sth : 以......结束

  如:The party ended up singing.


  5. end up with sth. 以…结束

  如: The party ended up with her singing.



  1. by + doing 通过……方式(by是介词,后面要跟动名词,也就是动词的ing形式)

  2. talk about 谈论,议论,讨论

  The students often talk about movie after class. 学生们常常在课后讨论电影。

  talk to sb= talk with sb 与某人说话

  3. 提建议的句子:

 、賅hat/ how about +doing sth.? 做…怎么样?(about后面要用动词的ing形式,这一点考试考的比较多)

  如:What/ How about going shopping?

 、赪hy don't you + do sth.? 你为什么不做…?

  如:Why don't you go shopping?

 、踂hy not + do sth. ? 为什么不做…?

  如:Why not go shopping?

 、躄et's + do sth. 让我们做…...吧。

  如: Let's go shopping

 、軸hall we/I + do sth.? 我们/我...…好吗?

  如:Shall we/I go shopping?

  4. a lot 许多,常用于句末。

  如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。

  5. too…to... 太…...而不能

  常用的句型:too+形容词/副词+ to do sth.

  如:I'm too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。

  6. aloud, loud与loudly的用法,三个词都与“大声”或“响亮”有关。


 、趌oud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk, laugh等动词连用,多用于比较级,须放在动词之后。

  如:She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。


  如:He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑。

  7. not…at all 一点也不,根本不

  如:I like milk very much, but I don't like coffee at all. 我非常喜欢牛奶,但是我一点也不喜欢咖啡。

  not经?梢院椭式岷显谝黄,at all 则放在句尾。

  8. be/get excited about sth. 对…...感到兴奋

  9. ① end up doing sth 终止做某事,结束做某事

  如:The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束。

 、 end up with sth. 以…结束(注意介词with)

  如: The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

  10. first of all 首先(这个短语可用在作文中,使得文章有层次)

  11. also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间

  either 也(用于否定句)常在句末

  too 也 (用于肯定句)常在句末 (它们三个的区分要清楚,尤其要知道用在什么句子中以及各自的位置)

  12. make mistakes 犯错

  如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。

  make a mistake 犯一个错误

  如:I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误。

  13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人)(常见短语)

  如:Don't laugh at me! 不要取笑我!

  14. take notes 做笔记,做记录

  15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…,乐意做…(这是一个非常重要的考点)

  如:She enjoys playing football. 她喜欢踢足球。

  enjoy oneself 过得愉快

  如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快。

  16. native speaker 说本族语的人

  17. make up 组成、构成

  18. one of +(the+ 形容词最高级)+名词复数形式 : …其中之一(这一题主要考两点,一是最高级,一是名词复数,大家做题的时候要小心)

  如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受欢迎的教师之一。

  19. It's +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth (对于某人来说)做某事…

  如:It's difficult (for me ) to study English. 对于我来说学习英语太难了。

  句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English。

  20. practice doing 练习做某事 (practice后面接动名词,这一点有可能考到)

  如:She often practice speaking English. 她经常练习说英语。

  21. decide to do sth. 决定做某事(重要考点,大家需要记住decide后面跟的是不定式,也就是to do)

  如:LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决定去北京。

  22. unless 如果不,除非,引导条件状语从句

  如:You will fail unless you work hard. 假如你不努力你就会失败。

  23. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.

  24. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/某事

  如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。

  25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气

  26. perhaps = maybe 也许

  27. go by (时间) 过去 . 如:Two years went by. 两年过去了。

  28. see sb / sth doing 看见某人正在做某事(如果是看到正在做什么,要用动词ing形式,考的较多的也是动词ing形式)

  如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom. 她看见他正在教室里画画。

  29. each other 彼此

  30. regard… as … ;把…...看作为...…

  如:The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。

  31. too many 许多,修饰可数名词 如:too many girls

  too much 许多,修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk(要区分too many 和 too much只要记住它们修饰什么词就可以了)

  much too 太,修饰形容词 如:much too beautiful(too much和much too意思不同,大家不要混淆它们的意思,这种单词容易出解析题)

  32.change…into… 将…变为…

  33. with the help of sb. = with one's help 在某人的帮助下(注意介词of和with,容易出题)

  如:with the help of LiLei = with LiLei's help 在李雷的帮助下

  34. compare…to… 把…比作...(另外,大家要注意另一个短语,compare...with...,这也是一个重要的短语,意思是:拿…和…比较)

  35. instead 代替 用在句末,副词

  instead of sth/doing sth 代替,而不是 (这个地方考的较多的就是instead of doing sth,也是就说如果of后面跟动词,要用动名词形式,也就是动词的ing形式)

  如:I will go instead of you. 我将代替你去。


  I think that moon cakes are delicious!


  1.put on 增加(体重);发胖

  2.care about 关心; 在乎

  3.end up 最终成为, 最后处于

  4.not only ……but also……不但……而且……

  5.shoot down 射下

  6.used to do 过去常常做……

  7.remind sb. of 使某人想起

  8.give out 分发 发放

  9.the water festival 泼水节

  10.the Chinese spring festival 中国春节

  11.next year 明年

  12.sound like 听起来像

  13.each other 互相 彼此

  14.in the shape of 以……的形状

  15.on mid-autumn night 在中秋之夜

  16.fly up to 飞向

  17.lay out 摆开 布置

  18.come back 回来

  19.as a result 结果 因此

  20.Mother’s day 母亲节

  21.more and more popular 越来越受欢迎

  22.think of 想起 ;认为 ;思考

  23.dress up 装扮 穿上盛装

  24.the importance of ……的重要性

  25.make money 挣钱

  26.in need 需要帮助 处于困境中

  27.between …and…在……和……之间

  28.the dragon boat festival 龙舟节

  29.the lantern festival 元宵

  30.like best 最喜欢

  31.go to …for a vacation 去……度假

  32.be similar to 与……相似

  33.wash away 冲走 洗掉

  34.Mid-autumn festival 中秋节

  35.shoot down 射下

  36.call out 大声呼喊

  37.the tradition of ……的传统

  38.at night 在夜里; 在晚上

  39.one…,the other…一个……,另一个…...

  40.Father’s day 父亲节


  1. I think that they’ re fun to watch.


  2. What do you like about… ?

  What do you like best about the Dragon Boat Festival?


  3. What a great day!


  4 .1 wonder if…

  I wonder if it’s similar to the Water Festival of the Dai people in Yunnan Province.


  5. How+adj. /adv. + 主 + 谓!

  How fantastic the dragon boat teams were!


  6.What + 名词+主语+谓语!

  What an interesting book it is!



  一. 宾语从句


  1. 常由下面的一些词引导:

 、儆蓆hat 引导,表示陈述意义,that可省略

  He says (that) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

 、谟蒳f , whether引导,表示一般疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等)

  I don’t know if / whether Wei Hua likes fish. 我不知道韦华是否喜欢鱼。

 、塾闪哟、连接副词(疑问词) 引导,表示特殊疑问意义

  Do you know what he wants to buy? 你知道他想要买什么吗?

  2. 从句时态要与主句一致



  He said (that) he was at home. 他说他在家里。

  I didn’t know that she was singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。

  She wanted to know if I had finished m homework. 她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。

  Did you know when he would be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来?

  二. 感叹句


  感叹句通常由 what 或 how 引导。现分述如下:

  1. 由 what 引导的感叹句,其句子结构可分为以下三种:

 、倏捎镁湫停“ What + a/an +形容词+可数名词单数+主语+谓语+ 其他!”。如:

  What a nice present it is! 它是一件多么好的礼物啊!

 、诳捎镁湫停“ What +形容词+可数名词复数+主语+谓语+ 其他!”。如:

  What beautiful flowers they are! 多么漂亮的花啊!

 、劭捎镁湫停“ What +形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语+ 其他!”。如:

  What fine weather it is today! 今天天气多好啊!

  2. 由 how 引导的感叹句,其句子结构也分为三种:

 、倏捎镁湫停“ How +形容词 / 副词+主语+谓语+ 其他!”。如:

  How careful she is! 她多么细心啊!

  How fast he runs! 他跑得多快啊!

 、诳捎镁湫停“ How +形容词+ a/an +可数名词单数+主语+谓语!”。如:

  How beautiful a girl she is! 她是个多么漂亮的姑娘啊!

 、劭捎镁湫停“ How+主语+谓语!”。如:

  How time flies! 光阴似箭!

  3. 由 what 引导的感叹句与由 how 引导的感叹句有时可以转换,但句中部分单词的顺序要有所变化。如:

  How beautiful a girl she is! = What a beautiful girl she is!

  What delicious cakes these are! = How delicious these cakes are!


  Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?


  1.a pair of 一对,一双,一副

  2.between A and B 在a和b之间

  3.on one’s / the way to 在去……的路上

  4.pardon me 什么,请再说一遍

  5.pass by 路过 经过

  6.look forward to 盼望 期待

  7.excuse me 打扰了 请原谅

  8.get some information about 获取有关……的一些信息

  9.turn left\right 向左\向右 转

  10.go past 经过 路过

  11.a little earlier 早一点儿

  12.a good place to eat 一个吃饭的好地方

  13.in different situation 在不同的情况下

  14.on time 准时 按时

  15.get to 到达

  16.have dinner 吃晚餐

  17.on one’s / \the right在右边

  18.come on 快点 请过来

  19.the shopping center 购物中心

  20.the corner of....... 的角落/拐角处

  21.lead into 导入,引入



 、貲o you know where is … ?

 、贑an you tell me how can I get to …?

 、跜ould you tell me how to get to …?

 、蹸ould/Will/Would you please tell me sth. 表示十分客气地询问事情

  Could you tell me how to get to the park?


  2. decide to do 决定做…...

  She decided to go to have lunch. 她决定去吃午餐。

  3. Is that a good place to hang out?


  4. kind of +adj/adv. “有点、一点”

  She is kind of shy. 她有点害羞。

  5. prefer 动词,更喜欢、宁愿。 常用的结构有:

 、賞refer sth. 更喜欢某事

  I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。

 、趐refer doing/ to do 宁愿做某事

  I prefer sitting/ to sit.我宁愿坐着。

 、踦refer sth to sth. 同…相比更喜欢…...

  I prefer dogs to cats. 与猫相比我更喜欢狗。

 、躳refer doing to doing 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

  I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着

 、輕refer to do rather than do 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

  I prefer to work rather than be free. 我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。

  6. I'm sorry to do sth. 对做某事我觉得很抱歉、伤心。


  1. ①问路常用的句子:

  Do you know where is … ?

  Can you tell me how can I get to …?

  Could you tell me how to get to …?

 、贑an/Could/Will/Would you please tell me sth. 表示十分客气地询问事情

 、跜ould you tell me how to get to the park? 请你告诉我怎么才能去邮局好吗?

  上面句子中的how to get to the park是疑问词与动词不定式连用,用作宾语,但不是宾语从句(这一点要搞清楚,它不是宾语从句),相当于how I can get to the park(宾语从句)

  I don't know how to solve the problem=I don't know how I can solve the problem. 我不知道如何解决这个问题

  Can you tell me when to leave? =Can you tell me when I will leave? 你能告诉我什么时候离开?

  2. 日常交际用语:

  take the elevator / escalator to the … floor 乘电梯/自动扶梯到…楼

  turn left / right == take a left / right 向左/ 右转

  go straight 向前直走(straight这个词经?)

  3. next to 旁边、紧接着(常见短语)

  Lily is next to Ann. 莉莉就在安的旁边。

  4. between…and… 在…和…之间

  Lily is between Ann and Tom. 莉莉就在安和汤姆的之间。

  5. Is that a good place to hang out? 那是不是一个闲荡的好地方?

  上面句子中的to hang out修饰前面的名词place,是不定式作定语。

  6. expensive 贵的 反义词:inexpensive 不贵的

  7. crowded 拥挤的 反义词:uncrowded 不拥挤的

  8. take a vacation == go on a vacation 去度假

  9. dress up 打扮 dress up as 打扮成

  He wanted to dress up as Father Christmas. 他想要打扮成圣诞老人。

  10. on the beach 在海滩上,介词用 on

  11. depend on 根据、依靠、依赖、取决于

  Living things depend on the sunlight. 生物对阳光有依赖性。

  That depends on how you did it. 那取决于你怎样做这件事。

  12. prefer 动词,更喜欢、宁愿,常用的结构有:

  prefer sth. 更喜欢某事

  I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。

  prefer doing/to do 宁愿做某事

  I prefer sitting/ to sit.我宁愿坐着。

  prefer sth to sth. 同…相比更喜欢…

  I prefer dogs to cats. 与猫相比我更喜欢狗。

  prefer doing sth to doing sth 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

  I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着。

  prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

  I prefer to work rather than be free. 我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。


  13. on the other hand 另一方面(一方面:on one hand. 对于这样的短语大家完全可以放在作文中,这样可以使文章增色不少)

  14. 把…借给某人:lend sb. sth. = lend sth to sb.(反义词:borrow..from..)

  Lily lent me her book = Lily lent her book to me . 莉莉把她的书借给了我。

  15. I'm sorry to do sth. 对做某事我觉得很抱歉、伤心。

  16. in a way 在某种程度说

  17. in order to do srh 为了…, 表目的。

  He got up early in order to catch the first bus. 他起早床,是为了赶上头班公共汽车。

  18. 同级比较:as…as...

  as + 形容词/副词原级 + as , 表示“和…一样的…”

  He works as hard as we. 他工作和我们同样努力。




  I used to be afraid of the dark.


  1.used to do 过去常常做

  2.deal with 对付 应付

  3.be proud of 为……骄傲 ,感到自豪

  4.take pride in 为……感到自豪

  5.from time to time 时常,有时

  6.in public 公开地

  7.in person 亲身,亲自

  8.take up sth 开始做,接受,占用

  9.not……anymore 不再

  10.worry about 为……担忧

  11.hang out 闲逛

  12.think about 考虑

  13.be alone 独处

  14.on the soccer team 在足球队

  15.no longer 不再

  16.make a decision 做决 定

  17.to one’s surprise 令某人吃惊的是

  18.even though 尽管

  19.pay attention to 对……注意,留心

  20.in the last few years 在过去的几年里

  21.be afraid of 害怕

  22.turn red 变红

  23.tons of attention 很多关注

  24.be careful 当心

  25.give up 放弃

  26.a very small number of …极少数的……

  27.give a speech 作演讲

  28.all the time 一直 总是

  29.be interested in 对……感兴趣

  30.change one’s life 改变某人的生活

  31.take care of 照顾

  32.one of…, ……之一


  1. I used to be afraid of the dark.


  2.I go to sleep with my bedroom light on.


  3. I used to spend a lot of time playing games with my friends.


  4. I hardly ever have time for concerts.


  5. My life has changed a lot in the last few years.


  6. It will make you stressed out.


  7. It seems that Yu Mei has changed a lot.



  1. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 (这个知识点考的很多,大家要注意这个短语的意思,还要记着used后面用的是不定式to do)

  如:He used to play football after school.


  2. play the piano 弹钢琴(play后面如果跟西洋乐器,大家记住,中间要加the,如果是中国乐器,不加the,如:play erhu)

  3. ①be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣

 、赽e interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣(对于这两个用法大家一定要掌握,切记切记)

  如:He is interested in math, but he isn't interested in speaking English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。

  4. interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人

  interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物(对于interested和interesting要区分清楚,一个主语往往是人,一个主语往往是物)

  5. be terrified of sth. 害怕…… 如:I am terrified of the dog.

  be terrified of doing sth. 害怕做…… 如:I am terrified of speaking.

  6. spend 动词,表示“花费金钱、时间”(spend和pay for它们的主语都是人,这一点大家要清楚)

 、賡pend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱、时间)(重要考点)

 、趕pend…(in)doing sth. 花费(金钱、时间)去做某事 (重要考点,尤其要注意动名词,也就是动词的ing形式)

  如:He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣着上。

  He spend 3 months (in) building the bridge. 他花费了三个月去建这座桥。

  7. take : 动词 ,有“花费时间”的意思,常用的结构有:

  It takes sb to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间(在这个用法中,主语经常是it,这一点要清楚,大家仔细看一下下面的例子)。

  如:It takes me a day to read the book.

  8. chat with sb. 与某人闲聊

  如:I like to chat with him. 我喜欢和他聊天。

  9. worry about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 , worry 是动词

  be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 , worried 是形容词

  如:Don't worry about him. 不用担心他。

  Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子。

  10. all the time 一直,始终

  11. take sb. to + 地方 送/带某人去某个地方

  如:A person took him to the hospital. 一个人把他送到了医院。

  12. hardly adv. 几乎不、没有。 hardly 修饰动词时,通常放在助动词、情态动词之后,实义动词之前,

  如:I can hardly understand them. 我几乎不能够明白他们。

  I hardly have time to do it. 我几乎没有时间去做了。

  13. in the last few years. 在过去的几年内,常与完成时连用 如:

  I have lived in China in the last few years. 在过去的几年内我在中国住。

  14. be different from 与...…不同(常见考点,考的最多的是它的意思,大家只需要记住它的意思,做题的时候具体问题再具体分析即可)

  15. 不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,构成不定式短语。

  如:The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候开始。

  I don't know where to go. 我不知道去哪。

  16. make sb./sth. + 形容词 make you happy

  make sb./sth. + 动词原形 make him laugh

  17. move to +地方 搬到某地 如:I moved to Beijing last year.

  18. it seems that +从句 看起来好像…… (重要考点)

  如:It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他好像变了许多。

  19. help sb. with sth. 在某方面帮助某人(注意介词with,在某方面帮助要用这个介词)

  help sb(to)do sth. 帮某人做某事(to经常省略)

  She helped me with English. 她帮助我学英语。

  She helped me(to)study English. 她帮助我学习英语。

  20. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 ,15岁的(有一点要提醒大家,中间的year用的是单数)如:a fifteen-year-old boy 一个15岁的男孩

  fifteen years old 指年龄,15岁。

  21. can't afford to do sth. 支付不起……

  can't afford sth. 支付不起…

  如:I can't afford to buy the car.=I can't afford the car. 我买不起这个辆小车。

  22. as + 形容词/副词+ as sb+could/can 尽某人所能

  如:Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力去跑。

  23. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦

  24. in the end 最后

  25. make a decision :下决定,下决心

  26. to one's surprise :令某人惊讶(往往出现在完型中,让我们填surprise)

  如:to their surprise 令他们惊讶

  to LiLei's surprise 令李雷惊讶

  27. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪

  如:His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸总是以他而自豪

  28. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心

  如:You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注意你的朋友。

  29. be able to do sth. 能够,有能力做某事

  如:She is able to do it. 她能够做到。

  30. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事(注意up后面用的是动词的ing形式)

  如:My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。

  31. 不再 ①no more =no longer

  如:I play tennis no more.我不再打网球。

 、趎ot …any more = not …any longer 如:

  I don't play tennis any longer. 我不再打网球。



  1. 肯定陈述句+否定提问 如:Lily is a student, isn't she?

  2. 否定陈述句+肯定提问 如:She doesn't come from China, does she?

  3. 提问部分用代词而不用名词 如:Lily is a student, isn't she?

  4. 陈述句中含有否定意义的词 如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly等,其反意疑问句用肯定式(对于第四点大家不要忽视,尤其是列举的这几个词,出题的时候经常遇到,对于下面的两个例子大家要仔细看一下,要把这个知识点彻底搞懂)。

  如:He knows little English, does he? 他一点也不懂英语,不是吗?

  They hardly understood it, did they? 他们几乎不明白,不是吗?

  5. 反意疑问句的陈述部分含有由un-, im-, in-, dis-, 等否定意义的前缀构成的词语时,陈述部分要视为肯定含义,问句部分用否定形式。如:Your father is unhappy, isn't he?

  The man is dishonest, isn't he?

  It is impossible to learn English without remembering more words, isn't it?


  What are the shirts made of?


  1.be made of 由...制成的(表示制成成品后,仍可看出原材料是什么)

  2.be made from 由...制成的(在成品中已无法辨认原材料)

  3.be known for 以......闻名

  4.be used for 被用于......

  5.no matter 不论;无论

  6.be covered with 用...覆盖

  7.as far as I know 据我所知

  8.by hand 用手

  9.be good for 对……有益

  10.on the last friday of each month最后一个星期五

  11.be good at 擅长

  12.make high-technology products 制造高科技产品

  13.the earth’s surface 地球表面

  14.many different kinds of 许多不同种类的

  15.fly a kite 放风筝

  16.such as 例如

  17.according to 根据 按照

  18.ask for help 请求帮助

  19.a symbol of ……的象征

  20.put…on… 把……放在……上

  21.be used for 被用于做……

  22.good luck 好运

  23.at a very high heat 在高温下

  24.be made in 在……制造的

  25.be famous for 以……著名

  26.on the sides of mountains 在山腰上

  27.traffic accident 交通事故

  28.a kite festival 风筝节

  29.be from 来自

  30.turn ……into ……把……变成……


  1. What are the shirts made of?


  2. It was made in Thailand.


  3. No matter what you made buy,you might think those products were made in those countries.


  4. The international kite festival is held in April every year.


  5. Laura didn’t know that kite flying could be so exciting.



  1. made of 由……制(构)成,后接构成某物质的原料。

  例:This skirt is made of silk.这件裙子是用丝绸制成的。

  be made of/from/up of的区别

  (1)be made of 表示制成成品后,仍可看出原材料是什么,保留原材料的质和形状,制作过程仅发生物理变化。

  例:The kite is made of paper.风筝是用纸做的。

  (2)be made from 表示制成的东西完全失去了原材料的外形或特征,或原材料在制作过程中发生化学变化,在成品中已无法辨认。

  例:The paper is made from wood.纸是木头做的。

  Butter is made from milk. 黄油是从牛奶中提炼出来的。

  (3)be made up of 用……构成或组成的,指人、物皆可,指结构成分。

  例:Our class is made up of six groups. 我们班是由六个小组组成的。

  2. It seems that many people all over the world drink Chinese tea.


  句型“It seems that…”意为“看起来好像/似乎……”,其中seem是连系动词,意为“似乎;好像”,句型中的it是形式主语,不能用其他代词来替代。

  例:It seems that he was late for the train. 看来他没赶上火车。


  (1)seem to do sth此句型可与“It seems that…”转换。

  例:They seem to find the way to the cinema. =It seems that they find the way to the cinema.



  例:My temperature seems (to be) all right. 我的体温看上去正常了。


  例: That seems not a bad idea. 看上去主意不错。

  3. When the leaves are ready, they are picked by hand and then are sent for processing in factory.


  此句是由when 引导的时间状语从句,are picked, are sent都是一般现在时的被动结构。

  例:When the fruit are ready, they are picked and are sent to the market for sale.


  4. No matter what you may buy, you might think those products were made in those countries.


  此句为由"no matter +特殊疑问词"引导让步状语从句。意为“无论….”,相当于whatever。

  例:No matter what I said to her, she still didn’t believe me.


  5. find out, 查出,找到。

  例:The police are trying to find out where the boy got off the train.


  find,find out和look for都含有“寻找、找到”的意思,但其含义和用法却不同。

 、 find意为“找到、发现”,通常指找到或发现具体的东西,强调的是找的结果。

  Will you find mea pen? 你替我找支钢笔好吗?

 、 look for意为“寻找”,是有目的地找,强调“寻找”这一动作。

  例:I’m looking for my pen everywhere. 我正到处找我的钢笔。

  He is looking for his shoes. 他在找他的鞋子。

 、 find out意为“找出、发现、查明”,多指通过调查、寻问、打听、研究之后“搞清楚、弄明白”,通常含有“经过困难曲折”的含义,指找出较难找到的、无形的、抽象的东西。

  例:Please find out when the train leaves. 请查一下火车什么时候离站。

  Read this passage,and find out the answer to this question.



  一. 概念理解

  1. 时态:在英语语言中,时态主要讨论行为动词发生的时间。

  如:He often helps me with my English. 他经常帮助我学英语。(help这个动作经常发生often;故用一般现在时)

  2. 语态:在英语语言中,语态主要讨论句子主语与行为动词的关系。语态有两种:主动语态和被动语态。

 、 主语是动作的发出者(执行者)为主动语态。

  如: The tall boy often hits his classmates (主语boy是谓语动词hit的发出者)。

 、 主语是动作的接受者(承受者)为被动语态。汉语中常用“被”、“给”、“由”、“受”等词用来表示被动,而英语用:助动词be + 及物动词的过去分词构成

  如: Chinese is spoken by the most people in the world(主语Chinese是谓语动词speak的承受者)。

  3. 语态与时态的关系:在任何一个英语句子中都同时存在语态和时态,他们是分析一个英语句子的两个主要元素。

  如:① He is looking after his sister at home. (此句为现在进行时的主动语态结构)

 、 He is being looked after well by his parents. (此句为现在进行时的被动语态结构)

  二. 被动语态最基本的句型结构: be +及物动词过去分词

  说明:① be 有时态,人称和数的变化。

 、 被动语态中的谓语动词必须是及物动词;因为被动句中的主语是动作的承受者,某些短语动词如look after, think of, take care of, work out, laugh at等,也可用于被动语态。

  三. 被动语态的使用

  1. 当不知道或没有必要指出动作的执行者时,常用被动语态,这时往往不用by 短语。

  Mr. White, the cup with mixture was broken after class. (只是告诉老师杯子坏了,不知是谁弄坏的,或不想说出谁弄坏的)。

  2. 突出或强调动作的承受者,如果需要说出动作的执行者,用by 短语。

  如:The cup was broken by Paul.

  四. 主动语态变被动语态的变法: 主动语态与被动语态之间如何转换

  1. 把主动语态的宾语变成被动语态的主语。

  2. 把主动语态的谓语变成被动语态的be + 过去分词,时态要与原句保持一致。

  3. 把主动语态的主语变为介词by的宾语,放在被动语态里谓语动词之后,by 短语可以省略。如果原句主语是地点名词,在被动语态中用in + 地点名词作状语。

  五. 一般现在时的被动语态:am /is/ are +done

  如:Tea is grown in Hangzhou. 杭州种植茶叶。


  When was it invented?


  1.It's my pleasure.= My pleasure. 我的荣幸

  2.seem+to+动词原形 好像做某事

  3.such a great invention 如此伟大的一项发明

  4.think of = think about 想到,考虑

  5.in our daily lives 在我们的日常生活中

  6.in my daily life在我的日常生活中

  7.have a point 有道理

  8.by accident 偶然地,意外地

  9.over an open fire 在篝火上

  10.It is said that 据说

  11.It is believed that人们相信

  12.fall into(过去式fell into)=drop into掉进…

  13.in the 19th century 在19世纪

  14.spread to other countries 传播到其他国家

  15.at a low price 以很低的价格

  16.bring(brought) sth. to sp.把某物带到某处

  17.all of a sudden 突然地

  18.less than少于,不到

  more than = over 超过

  19.without doubt 毫无疑问

  20.at that time 在那时

  21.advise sb (not) to do sth建议某人(不要)做某事

  22.start doing sth 开始做某事

  23.work on sth 致力于某事

  24.(be) similar to 与……相似

  25.the Olympics 奥运会

  26.by mistake 错误地,无意地

  27.make a mistake 犯错

  28.divide ...into…把…分成…

  29.in the end = at last = finally 最后

  30.at the same time 同时


  1.give sth. to sb.

  I gave a pen to him. 我给他一支笔。

  2.give sb. sth.

  I gave him a pen. 我给他一支笔。

  3. make sb./sth+形容词:使…怎么样

  It made me happy. 它使我高兴

  4.make sb./sth+名词:让…...做…...

  It made me laugh. 它让我发笑。

  5. not…until… 直到…才…

  I didn't go to bed until I finished my work.



  1. invent v. 发明

  inventor n. 发明家

  invention n. 发明

  2. be used for doing 用来做…(是被动语态)(这个短语的考点有两点,一是used for的意思,二是for后面用动名词)

  Pens are used for writing. 笔是用来写的。

  3. 给某人某样东西 give sth. to sb.

  I gave a pen to him. 我给他一支笔。

  give sb. sth.

  I gave him a pen. 我给他一支笔。

  4. all day 整天

  5. salty adj. 咸的 salt n. 盐

  6. by mistake 错误地(犯错:make mistake,这些常见的短语大家务必要掌握)

  I took the umbrella by mistake. 我不小心拿错了雨伞。

  8. by accident 意外,偶然(常见短语,考的最多的是它的意思)

  I met her by accident at bus stop. 我在公共汽车站意外地见到了她。

  9. not…until… 直到…才…(重中之重,这个用法非常重要!)

  I didn't go to bed until I finished my work. 我直到完成我的工作才去睡觉。

  10. according to +名词,根据…

  according to this article 根据这篇文章

  11. over an open fire 野饮

  12. leaf n. 叶子 复数形式 leaves

  13. nearby adj. 附近的

  14. fall into 落入,掉进

  The leaf fell into the river. 叶子落入了河里。

  fall down 摔倒

  She fell down from her bike. 她从她自行车摔倒了。

  15. quite 非常 adv. 与冠词a连用时,冠词a必须放在它的后面

  quite a beautiful girl 一个漂亮的女孩

  17. pleased adj. 表示外部因素引起人发自内心的欣慰和愉快

  pleasant adj. 愉快,高兴。指天气、时间、旅行令人高兴愉快

  please v. 使高兴

  18. battery-operated adj. 电池控制的,是名词+动词的运动分词构成的合成形容词

  19. in the sixth century 在第6世纪

  20. travel around 周游

  21. more than == over 超过(相比较,more than更重要)

  more than 300 == over 300 超过300

  22. including 包括,可以与名词和动名词连用

  Six people, including a baby, were hurt. 6个人包括一个小孩受伤了。

  23. have been played 被上演 ,是现在完成时的被动语态,现在完成时的被动语态的结构:have/has been +过去分词。

  4. be born 出生 (常见短语)

  He was born in Canada. 他在加拿大出生。

  25. safety n. 安全 safe adj. 安全的

  26. knock into 撞上(某人)

  27. divide sth. into…,将…划分成...,通常指将一个整体分成几个对应相对的部分

  Let's divide ourselves into 4 groups. 让我们把我们自己划成4组。

  28. since then 从那以后,常与完成时态连用



  1. 被动语态表示句子的主语是谓语动词所表示的动作承受者。

  2. 被动语态基本结构:be+及物动词的过去分词

  被动语态中的be 是助动词,有人称、数和时态的变化。


  一般过去时的被动语态为:was/were+ 过去分词

  A lot of trees were planted here last year.

  与情态动词连用的被动语态:情态动词+ be + 过去分词(关于被动语态,大家一定要熟悉,这个在中考的时候属于是必考内容,而且是重点内容)



  Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.


  1. be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事

  allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

  allow doing sth. 允许做某事

  2. sixteen-year-olds = sixteen-year-old boys and girls 16岁的孩子

  3. part-time jobs 兼职工作

  4. a driver’s license 驾照

  5. on weekends 在周末

  6. at that age 在那个年龄段

  7. on school nights 在上学期间的晚上

  8. stay up 熬夜

  9. clean up 清扫

  10. fail(in)a test 考试不及格

  11. take the test 参加考试

  12. the other day 前几天

  13. all my classmates 我所有的同学

  14. concentrate on 全神贯注于

  15. be good for 对…...有益

  16. in groups 成群的,按组

  17. get noisy 变得吵闹(系表结构)

  18. learn from 向......学习

  19. at present 目前,现在

  20. have an opportunity to do sth. 有做……的机会


  1. I don’t think twelve-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced. 我认为不应该允许12岁的孩子穿耳孔。

  2. They talk instead of doing homework. 他们聊天而不是做作业。

  3. He is allowed to stay up until 11:00 pm. 允许他们熬到晚上11点。

  4. We should be allowed to take time to do things like that more often. 我们应该被允许更加经常的花些时间多做这类事情。

  5. What school rules do you think should be changed? 你认为学校的哪些制度应该改一改了?

  6. The two pairs of jeans both look good on me. 这两条牛仔裤穿在我身上都适合。

  7. The classroom is a real mess. 教室太脏了。

  8. Should I be allowed to make my own decisions? 我应该被允许自己做决定吗?

  9. Only then will I have a chance of achieving my dream. 只有这样我才能实现我的梦想。

  10. They should be allowed to practice their hobbies as much a s they want. 应该允许他们对业余爱好想练多长时间就练多长时间。

  11. We have nothing against running. 我们没有理由反对他跑步。


  1. enough adv. 足够地 adj. 足够的

  形容词+enough 如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮

  enough+名词 如:enough food 足够食物

  2. stop doing sth. 停止正在做的事

  Please stop speaking. 请停止说话。

  stop to do sth. 停止一件事去做另一件事

  Please stop to speak. 请停下来说话。

  3. it seems + that从句 看起来好像……

  It seems that he feels very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心。

  4. yet 仍然,还 (常用在否定句或疑问句当中)

  5. stay up 熬夜

  如:I often stay up until 12:00pm. 我经常熬夜到12点。

  6. 程度副词:always总是 usually经常 sometimes有时 never 从不

  7. go shopping(去购物), go fishing(去钓鱼), go swimming(去游泳), go boating(去划船), go hiking(去远足)

  8. be strict with sb. 对某人严厉

  如:Mother is strict with her son. 妈妈对她的儿子很严厉。

  9. the other day 前几天

  10. agree 同意 反义词:disagree不同意 动词

  agreement 同意 反义词:disagreement 不同意 名词

  11. keep sb/ sth+ 形容词 使某人/某物保持……

  如:We should keep our city clean. 我们应该保持我们的城市干净。

  12. both…and… + 动词复数形式(both and本身也是一个非常重要的考点)

  如:Both Jim and Li Ming play bastketball.

  13. learn(sth.)from sb 向谁学习(什么)

  如:Jim learnt English from his English teacher. 吉姆向他的英语老师学习英语。

  14. at least 最少 at most 最多

  15. 花费: take ,cost, spend , pay

  sth. take(sb.) time to do sth. 如:It took (me) 10 days to read the book.

  sth. cost(sb.)… 如:The book cost(me)100 yuan.

  sb. spend … on sth. 如:She spent 10 days on this book.

  sb. spend …(in)doing sth. 如:She spent 10 days(in)reading this book.

  sb. pay … for sth. 如:She paid 10 yuan for this book.


  16. have + 时间段+off 放假,休息 如:have 2 days off

  17. get in the way of 碍事,妨碍

  18. think about与think of的区别

 、 当两者译为:认为、想起、记着时,两者可互用

  I often think about/of that day. 我经常想起那天。

 、 think about 还有“考虑”之意,think of做为想到、想出时两者不能互用

  At last, he thought of a good idea. 最后他想出了一个好主意。

  We are thinking about going Qinzhou. 我们正在考虑去钦州。

  19. care about sb. 关心某人

  如:Mother often care about her son.

  20. also:也,用于句中 I am also a student. 我也是一个学生

  either:也,用于否定句且用于句末 I am not a student, either. 我也不是一个学生。

  too:也,用于肯定句且用于句末 I am a student, too. 我也是一个学生。




  1. 两种语态:主动语态和被动语态


  Cats eat fish.(主动语态)猫吃鱼。

  Fish is eaten by cats.(被动语态)鱼被猫吃。

  2. 被动语态的构成

  由“助动词be +及物动词的过去分词”构成

  助动词be 有人称、数和时态的变化。



  She is a student. So am I. 她是一个学生,我也是。

  She will go to school. So will he. 她将去学校,他也是。


  It must belong to Carla.


  1. be long to 属于

  2. listen to classical music 听古典音乐

  3. at school 上学;求学

  4. go to the concert 去听音乐会

  5. have any/some idea 知道

  6. a math test on algebra 有关代数的数学考试

  7. the final exam 期末考试

  8. because of 因为

  9. a present for his mother 送给她妈妈的礼物

  10. run for exercise 跑步锻炼


  1. If you have any idea where might be please call me. 如果你知道它可能在哪,请打电话给我。

  2. It’s crucial that I study for it because it counts 30% to the final exam. 关键是我必须学,因为它占期末考试的30%。

  3. What do you think “anxious“ means? 你认为“anxious”是什么意思?

  4. He could be running for exercise. 他可能是正在跑步锻炼身体。

  5. He might be running to catch a bus. 他可能是正在跑着赶公共汽车。

  6. Why do you think the man is running? 你觉得那个男的为什么跑?


  1. 情态动词must, may , might, could, may , can't表示推测含义,后面都接动词原形,都可以表示对现在情况的揣测和推断,但他们含义有所不同。

  must 一定,肯定 (100%的可能性)

  may, might, could 有可能,也许 (20%-80%的可能性)

  can't 不可能,不会 (可能性几乎为零)

  2. whose:谁的,是个疑问词,作定语,后面接名词

  如:---Whose book is this? ---This is Lily's.

  4. 当play 指弹奏西洋乐器时,常在乐器前用定冠词the

  play the guitar;play the piano;play the violin

  当play 指进行球类运动时,则不用定冠词

  play football;play basketball;play baseball

  5. if引导的条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时代替将来时。

  If you don't hurry up, you'll be late. 如果你不快点,你将会迟到。

  6. if you have any idea= if you know 如果你知道

  7. on 关于(学术,科目)

  9. because of:由于


  because of + 名词/代词/名词性短语(这是一个重要的短语)

  because + 从句

  I do it because I like it. 我做这件事是因为我喜欢。

  I had to move because of my job. 因为工作的原因我得搬家。

  10. own v. - owner n.

  listen v. - listener n.

  learn v. - learner n.

  11. catch a bus 赶公车

  12. neighbor 邻居,指人

  neighborhood 邻居,指地区也可指附近地区的人

  13. local 当地的 如:local teacher 当地的教师

  16. anything strange 一些奇怪的东西

  当形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词时,放在这些词的后面(重要,切记)

  17. there be sb./sth. doing 有…...正在......

  There is a cat eating fish.

  18. escape from… 从哪里逃跑出来(?级逃)

  He escaped from the burning building. 他从燃烧的建筑中逃出来。

  19. an ocean of + 名词 极多的,用不尽的 如:an ocean of energy.

  20. unhappy 不高兴的 反义词:happy 高兴的

  22. dishonest 不诚实的 反义词:honest 诚实的

  23. get on 上车 get off 下车(掌握住这两个短语的意思)

  24. use up 用光,用完

  They have used up all the money. 他们已经用完了所有的钱。

  25. attempt to do 试图做某事(重要考点,大家记着attempt后面用的是不定式to do)

  The boys attempted to leave for Beijing. 男孩子们试图想去北京。

  26. wake 是个动词,意思是唤醒,常用的词组:wake up 意为醒来

  Please wake me up at 8 o'clock. 请在8点钟叫醒我。

  27. look for 寻找,强调找的动作(重要)

  find 找到,强调找的结果

  I am looking for a pen. 我正在找一支笔。(指找的动作)

  I found my pen just now. 我刚刚找到了我的笔。(指找的结果)

  28. hear 听,强调听的结果

  listen 听,强调听的动作

  Did you hear? 你听到了吗?(指听的结果)

  I often listen to the music. 我经常听音乐。(指听的动作)

  29. try one's best to do sth. 尽某人的最大努力去做某事(注意best后面跟的不定式to do是考试的重点)

  He tried his best to run. 他尽他的最大努力去跑。


  I like music that I can dance to.


  1. expect to do sth. 期望做某事

  expect sb. to do sth 期望某人做某事

  2. catch up with 追上,赶上

  3. different kinds of music 各种不同的音乐

  4. quiet and gentle songs 轻柔的歌曲

  5. take…to… 带……到……

  6. remind…of… 使某人想起或意识到……

  7. her own songs 她自己的歌曲

  8. be important to 对……重要

  9. Yellow River 黄河

  10. Hong Tao’s latest movie 洪涛最近的电影

  11. over the years 多年来

  12. be sure to do sth. 务必/一定做某事

  13. one of the best known Chinese photographers 世界上最有名的中国摄影家之一

  14. on display 展览,展出

  15. come and go 来来往往

  16. can’t stand 不能忍受


  1. I love singers who write their own music. 我喜欢自己创作曲子的歌手。

  2. We prefer music that has great lyrics. 我们更喜欢歌词很棒的音乐。

  3. What do you dislike about this CD. 你不喜欢这张CD的什么?

  4. What does it remind you of? 它使你想起了什么?

  5. The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music. 这首曲子使我想起了巴西舞曲。

  6. It does have a few good features, though. 然而,它的确也有一些好的方面。

  7. She really has something for everyone. 每个人的确都能从她的作品中领悟到一些东西。

  8. Whatever you do, don’t miss this exhibition. 无论怎样,你都不能错过这个展览会。

  9. As the name suggests, the band has a lot of energy. 正如乐队名字所暗示的那样, 这支乐队很有活力。

  10. Some people say they are boring, but others say they are great. 有些人说他们很无聊,但也有人说,他们是伟大的。

  11. I f I were you, I’d eat nuts instead. 如果我是你,我会改吃坚果。


  1. prefer v. 更喜欢,宁愿

  prefer sth. 更喜欢某事 I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。

  prefer to do. 宁愿做某事 I prefer to sit. 我宁愿坐着。

  prefer sth to sth. 同…...相比更喜欢…... I prefer dogs to cats. 与猫相比我更喜欢狗。

  prefer doing to doing. 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事 I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着。

  2. along with 伴随… , 同… 一道

  I will go along with you. 我同你一道去。

  3. dance to sth. 随着…...跳舞(用的介词是to,这一点要注意)

  She likes dancing to the music. 她喜欢随着音乐而跳舞。

  4. music n. 音乐

  musician n. 音乐家

  5. unfortunately adv.不幸运地

  fortunately adv.幸运地(如果你把这个词记住了,那考试的时候你就是幸运的~)

  6. fun n. 有趣 funny adj. 有趣的,滑稽的

  7. be sure to do 一定做某事,肯定做某事

  It is sure to snow. 肯定要下雪

  8. known adj. 有名的,著名的(记住意思)

  9. on display 展览(常见短语)

  10. energy n.活力 energetic adj.有活力的

  11. most of… ……的大多数

  12. keep healthy 保持健康

  13. get together 聚在一起

  14. discuss v.讨论 discussion n.讨论

  15. be bad for sth. 对…有坏处

  16. take care of = look after 照顾

  She often takes care of/looks after her son.

  17. stay away from 远离……

  Stay away from me. I have a cold. 请远离我,我得了感冒

  18. to be honest 老实说

  To be honest I really like flowers. 老实说我真的很喜欢花。

  19. dislike 不喜欢 反义词:like 喜欢

  20. fisherman 渔夫 它的复数形式是fishermen

  21. photography n. 摄影;photograph n. 照片 相片;photographer n. 摄影师

  22. be in agreement 意见一致,常与介词on/about连

  They are in agreement on that question. 他们对那个问题意见一致。

  23. even if 甚至

  24. mainly adv. 主要地 首要地


  You're supposed to shake hands.


  1. be supposed to do 被期望/应该做......

  2. shake hands 握手

  3. for the first time 第一次

  4. table manners 餐桌礼仪

  5. drop by 偶然拜访,顺便拜访

  6. after all 毕竟,终究

  7. be on time 准时

  8.(in) the wrong way 以错误的方式

  9. be relaxed about 对……比较随意/放松

  10. a bit 一点


  1. He should have told me about it. 他本应该把这件事告诉我。

  2. Where I’m from, we’re pretty relaxed about time. 我所在的地方,对时间是相当宽松的。

  3. We often just drop by our friends’homes. 我们时常去朋友家拜访。

  4. Often we just walk around the town center, seeing as many of our friends as we can. 我们经常走遍市中心,看尽可能多的朋友。

  5. We usually make plans to see friends. 通常我们都是做好去看朋友的计划。

  6. We’re the land of watches, after all. 毕竟,我们是表之乡。

  7. It’s even better than I thought it would be. 事情比我想象的要好得多。

  8. They go out of their way to make me feel at home. 他们花尽心血让我感觉不到拘束。

  9. Although I still make lots of mistakes, it doesn’t bother me like it used to. 尽管我经常出一些错,但它不像过去那样打扰我。

  10. I thought that was pretty strange at first, but now I’m used to it. 开始,我想那是太奇怪了,但是现在我已经习惯了。

  11. I have to say I find it difficult to remember everything, but I’m gradually getting used to things, and don’t find them so strange any more. 不得不承认,我发现记住一切东西是很困难的,但我渐渐习惯了,并且发现他们也不再那么奇怪了。


  1. be supposed to do 应该(注意它的翻译,另外supposed后面用的是不定式to do)

  We are supposed to stop smoking. 我们应该停止吸烟。

  3. You should have asked what you were supposed to wear. 你本应该问清楚怎么样穿才得体。

  上句中的“should have asked”是“情态动词+现在完成时”表示过去本应该做某事,事实上没有做(这点要清楚)

  She should have gone to Beijing. 她本应该去了北京。(没有去)

  4. be relaxed about sth. 对某事随意、不严格

  They are relaxed about the time. 他们对时间很随意。

  5. pretty adv. 相当,很 adj. 美丽的

  She is pretty friendly. 她相当友好。

  She is a pretty girl. 她是一个美丽的女孩。

  6. plan to do. 打算做某事(常见用法)

  She has planed to go to Beijing.

  7. drop by 访问,看望,拜访,串门

  We just dropped by our friends' homes.我们刚刚去朋友家串门。

  8. on time 按时(in time的意思是及时,这两个短语经常出现在辨析题中)

  9. after all 毕竟 终究(五星级重点词汇,记住它的意思)

  You see I was right after all. 你看,毕竟还是我对了。

  10. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事(重要内容,注意后面用的是不定式to do)

  Lily invited me to have dinner. 莉莉请我吃晚饭。

  11. without 没有(这个词经?,题目会单纯考它的意思,所以大家应该记住它的意思)

  12. around the world = all over the world 全世界

  13. pick up 捡起,挑选(捡起的意思考的较多)

  He picked up his hat. 他捡起他的帽子。

  14. start doing = start to do 开始做某事(start的用法属于?寄谌,记住它的这两个用法)

  He started reading= He started to read. 他开始阅读。

  15. point at 指向(指近处的事物)

  point to 指向(指远处的事物)

  16. stick v. 剌,截 n. 棒,棍

  17. go out of one's way to do 特意/专门做某事

  He went out of his way to make me happy. 他特意使我高兴。

  18. make mistakes 犯错误(复数)

  make a mistake 犯错误(一个)

  19. be different from 与……不同

  Chinese food is different from theirs. 中国菜与他们的不同。

  20. get/be used to sth. 习惯于……(这些用法大家务必记住,虽然这些用法很多,而且比较容易搞混淆,但是它们确实经?,大家可以结合例子记忆)

  get/be used to doing 习惯于……

  be used to do 被用来做……

  be used for doing 被用来做...…

  used to do 过去常常做…...

  I wash clothes everyday. I'm used to it. 我每天都洗衣服。我习惯了。

  I am used to washing clothes. 我习惯于洗衣服了。

  The knives are used to cut things. 小刀被用来切东西。

  The knives are used for cutting things. 小刀被用来切东西。

  She used to watch TV after school. 她过去放学后常?吹缡。

  21. I find it difficult to remember everything. 我发现要记住每一样事是困难的。

  find/think + it +形容词 + to do sth.

  22. cut up 切开,切碎

  Let's cut up the watermelon. 让我们切开这个西瓜吧。

  23. make a toast 敬酒

  24. crowd v.挤满 其形容词和过去式及过去分词都是:crowded(crowded考的相对多些)

  25. set n. 一套 v. 设置

  26. can't stop doing 忍不住做某 I can't stop laughing. 我忍不住笑

  27. make faces 做鬼脸

  28. face to face 面对面地

  29. learn…by oneself 自学......(重要用法)

  I learn English by my self. 我自学英语。


  Sad movies make me cry.


  1. make me sleepy 使我困倦

  2. drive sb. crazy 使……发疯

  3. the more…, the more 越……越……

  4. yes and no 好坏参半

  5. be friends with sb. 是某人的朋友

  6. feel left out 感觉被忽视

  7. sleep badly 睡眠很差

  8. don’t feel like eating 不想吃东西

  9. for no reason 毫无理由

  10. neither…nor… 既不……也不……

  11. let …down 使…...失望

  12. take one’s position 替代我的职位

  13. to start with 起初

  14. get the exam result back 取考试成绩单

  15. find out 发现

  16. remain unhappy forever 仍旧永远不幸福

  17. a shirt of a happy person 一件快乐人的衬衫


  1. —I’d rather go to Blue Ocean because I like to listen to quiet music while I’m eating.

  —But that music make me sleepy.



  2. Waiting for Amy drove Tina crazy.


  3. The movie was so sad that it made Tina and Amy cry.


  4. Sad movies don’t make John cry. They just make him want to leave quickly.


  5. Loud music makes me nervous.


  6. Soft and quiet music makes me relax.


  7. Money and fame don’t always make people happy.


  8. She said that the sad movie made her cry.


  9. Loud music makes me nervous.



  the more… the more… 越……越……

  leave out 不包括;不提及;忽略

  friendship n.友谊;友情

  king n.君主;国王

  prime adj.首要的;基本的

  minister n.大臣;部长

  prime minister 首相;大臣

  fame n.名声;声誉

  pale adj.苍白的;灰白的

  queen n.王后;女王

  examine v.(仔细地)检查;检验

  nor conj.&adv.也不

  neither...nor... 既不⋯⋯也不

  palace n.王宫;宫殿

  power n.权利;力量

  wealth n.财富;富裕

  grey a.阴沉的;昏暗的;灰色的

  lemon n.柠檬

  cancel v.取消;终止

  weight n.重量;分量

  shoulder n.肩;肩膀

  goal n.球门;射门;目标

  coach n.教练;私人教师

  kick v. 踢;踹

  teammate n.同队队员;队友

  courage n.勇敢;勇气

  rather adv.宁愿;相当

  rather than 而不是

  pull v.拉;拖

  pull together 齐心协力;通力合作

  relief n.轻松;解脱

  nod v.点头

  agreement n.一致;同意

  fault n.过失;缺点

  disappoint v.使失望


  Life is full of the unexpected.


  1. take a shower洗 浴

  2. leave my backpack at home 把背包忘在家里

  3. get back to school 返回学校

  4. start teaching 开始教学

  5. go off 响铃

  6. rush out the door 冲出房门

  7. give sb a lift 捎某人一程

  8. miss both events 错过两个事件

  9. full of unexpected 充满着不可预知性

  10. be about to do sth 正要做某事

  11. stare in disbelief at 难以置信地盯着。

  12. raise above the burning building 从正在燃烧的楼上升起

  13. jump out of bed 跳下床

  14. collect the math homework 收数学作业

  15. complete the work for my boss 完成老板的工作

  16. make the apple pie 制作苹果馅饼

  17. show up 赶到,出现

  18. add the green beans 加绿豆荚


  1. By the time I got up, my brother had already gotten in the shower.


  2. By the time I got outside, the bus had already gone.


  3. When I got to school, I realized I had left my backpack at home.


  4. By the time I walked into class, the teacher had started teaching already.


  5. By the time I arrived at the party, everyone else had already showed up.

  当我到达晚会时, 其他的每个人都已经到了。

  6. When he put the noodles into the bowl, he realized he had forgotten to add the green beans.


  7. Before she got a chance to say goodbye, he had gone into the building.



  backpack n.背包;旅行包

  oversleep v.(overslept , overslept)睡过头

  give...a lift 捎(某人)一程

  miss v.错过;未得到

  unexpected a.出乎意料的;始料不及的

  block n.街区

  worker n.工作者;工人

  stare v.盯着看;凝视

  disbelief n.不信;怀疑

  above adv.在上面;向上面 prep.在上面

  burn v. (burnt, burned /burnt, burned) 着火;燃烧

  alive adj.活着;有生气的

  take off (飞机等)起飞;匆忙离开

  till conj.&prep.到;直到

  west adv.向西;朝西 adj. 向西的;西部的 n. 西;西方

  cream n.奶油;乳脂

  boss n.老板;领导

  pie n.果馅饼;果馅派

  course n.课程

  bean n.豆;豆荚

  market n.市场;集市

  costume n.服装;装束

  embarrassed adj.窘迫的;害羞的

  announce v.宣布;宣告

  hoax n.骗局;恶作剧

  discovery n.发现;发觉

  lady n.女士;女子

  officer n.军官;官员

  believable adj.可相信的;可信任的

  embarrassing a.使人害羞的






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