学习啦  於宝   2019-12-02 18:03:00



  Unit 1


  1. Good morning/ afternoon / evening 早上/下午/晚上好 Good night 晚安(晚上告别)

  2. glad / nice to meet / see you 见到你很高兴 (回答也一样)

  3. welcome to + 地点 欢迎来到…… (回答:Thank you 或者Thanks)

  4.let’s + V(原) 让我们做……

  5. stand up 起立 sit down 坐下

  6. this is----- 这是…… (用于介绍第三者的用语)

  7. How do you do ?你好 (回答也是:How do you do ? )

  8. How are you ? 你好吗? Fine ,thank you .and you ? 很好;谢谢;你呢?

  I’m OK / I’m fine , too . 我也很好。

  9.see you = see you later = see you soon = good-bye 再见

  10.excuse me 打扰一下;请问

  11.I’m -----= my name is ---- 我是……

  12. be from = come from 来自

  13.in English 用英语

  14.Can you spell it ? Yes / No 你能拼写它吗? 能/不能

  15.That’s OK / That’s all right / You’re welcome / Not at all 不用谢

  16. …… years old ……岁

  17.telephone number 电话号码 QQ number QQ号码 ID number 身份证

  18.the same (相同的) 反义词是 different (不同的)

  例: We are in the same grade, but we are in different classes.


  1. What is your name ? 你的名字是什么?

  2. Where +be + 主语 + from? 某人来自于哪里?(回答:主语+be+地点)

  Where are you from? I am from quanzhou.

  3. How old + be + 主语? 某人几岁? (回答: 主语 + be + 数字 )

  例: How old are you ? I’m forteen.

  4. What is your telephone number? 你的电话号码是多少?

  (回答:My telephone number is----或者It’s -------)注意:读出号码的时候要逐个读出。

  5. What class / grade +be + 主语 + in ? 某人在哪一个班级/年级?

  例:what class are you in ? I am in Class Five. (注意:Class 和 Five需要大写)

  what grade are you in ? I am in Grade Seven.(注意:Glass 和 Seven需要大写)

  6. What’s this/ that (in English) ? 这是什么? (回答:It’s a/an + 单数名词. 这是……)

  What’ re these/ those (in English) ? 这些是什么?(回答:They’re + 复数名词 这些是……)

  7. How do you spell it ? 你怎么拼写它? E-R-A-S-E-R, eraser. (注意拼读方法)

  Unit 2

  1.sb + has/ have ( an /a ) + adj + 五官 === sb’s 五官 is / are + adj (描述长相)

  例:Lily has a small nose. = Lily’s nose is small.

  2.I know = I see 我明白了

  3.That’s right 那是对的

  4.look the same look like 看起来相像 look different 看起来不同

  例: Jim and Lilei look the same.== Jim looks like Lilei. .

  5. look at + n 看某物 look for +n 寻找某人/某物 look after +n 照顾某人

  6.both 两者都…… all 三者或者三者以上都……

  Both 和 all位于 be动词或情态动词后,位于行为动词前。

  例: We are both students. We both have black eyes. We can both speak English.

  7. give sth to sb = give sb sth 把某物给某人; (注意:如果sth是it或them,只能用前者)

  8. have different looks == look different 有着不同的长相 (看起来不相像)

  have the same look. ==look the same 有着相同的长相 (看起来很相像)

  9.over there 在那边 come in 请进 go out 出去

  10. in + 颜色 或 in a/an/the +颜色 + 衣服 表示穿着……颜色的衣服

  常常接在名词的后面,表示穿----颜色衣服的…… 如 the girl in red is my sister.

  11. too + adj 太……

  12.pants 和 shoes 做主语,谓语动词用复数;但a pair of pants/ shoes作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式

  例: His shoes are black. A pair of shoes is under the bed.

  13. in the morning/ afternoom/ evening 在早上/下午/晚上 at night 在晚上

  14.go shopping = go to the shop 去购物 类似的有 go swimming go fishing go skating 等等

  15.help sb. ( to ) do sth == help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事 注意:sb 用代词时必须用宾格

  16.high school 中学

  17.play +球类 play the 乐器

  18.think of 认为,想 think about 考虑 I think + 从句 我认为……

  I think he you are right. 否定式常否定主句,但翻译时要否定后面的从句

  例:I don’t think he can come. 我认为他不会来了.(不能说:我不认为他会来)


  1. What do/does + 主语 + look like ? 询问人的长相

  例: What does your English teacher look like ?

  2.What’s -----and ------? ……加……是什么?(回答:It’s ------)

  例:What’s red and yellow? It’s orange. What’s two and five? It’s seven.

  3.Whose + 东西 + is this/ that ? Whose + 东西 +are these/ those ? 这/这些 是谁的……?

  例:Whose coat is this ? It is mine. Whose shoes are these ? They are hers.

  4.Who is the letter from? 这封信来自于谁? It’s from Lily. 它来自于莉莉。

  5.What color be + 东西? (回答:It’s +颜色 或者 They’er + 颜色)

  例:What color is your dress? It’s black.

  Unit 3


  1.Could you (please)…… (后接动词原形) 你愿意做某事吗?

  May I …… (后接动词原形) 我能做某事吗?

  2.the English corner 英语角

  3.live in + 地点 住在某地 live with + 人 和某人住在一起

  4.What does he say in the letter? 他在信里说了些什么?

  What does he say on the photo? 他在电话里说了些什么?

  5.a lot = very much 放在句末,修饰动词,非常…… 例: I like the boy a lot/ very much.

  not at all 一点也不…… 例: I don’t like the boy at all..

  6.each other 相互,彼此 students often talk to each other in class.

  7.do sth with sb 和某人一起做某事

  8.No problem 没问题

  9.speak + 语言 说某种语言 speak English speak Chinese

  10.the Great Wall 长城

  11.come/go to + 地点 去某地 但home 、 here 、 there 这些是副词,前面不能加to

  例:go home / come here / go there

  go to do sth 去做某事 例: They go to play basketball.

  12.like doing sth 喜欢做某事 like to do sth 想要做某事

  13.It’s + adj +to sb 对某人来说是……的

  14.help sb with sth =help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人某事

  15.be at home = be in 在家 go home 回家 get home到家 in one’s home 在某人的家里

  16.have a seat / take a seat / sit down 请坐下

  17.office worker 办公室职员 cook 厨师 cooker炊具

  18.on a farm 在农场上 on the sofa 在沙发上

  19.a photo of one’s family 某人的全家照 Family Tree 家谱 (首字母都大写)

  20.in a hospital 在医院(纯属地点概念) in hospital 因病住院

  例:He is ill in hospital. 他生病住院 He is in a hospital.他在医院里 (不一定是因为生病来到医院)

  21. look after sb = take care of sb 照顾某人

  22. teach sb sth = teach sth to sb 教某人某东西 teach sb to do sth 教某人做某事

  23. help oneself ( to sth. ) 请随便(吃……) help yourself/ yourselves (to fish)

  24. I’d like sth = I would like sth. 我想要……

  25. Would like to do sth = want to do sth 想要做某事

  26. Would you like something to eat (drink)? 你想要一些吃(喝)的东西吗?

  to eat 或 to drink 修饰something,作为后置定语。

  27. Here you are . 给你 Here we are. 我们到了

  28. What about …… == How about …… ……怎么样?

  后接代词或名词,还可以接动名词(即 What about doing sth )

  29. all right 好的

  30. a cup of tea 一杯茶 two cups of tea 两杯茶

  31. milk for me 我要牛奶

  32. Why not ……(后接动词原形) = Why don’t you …… (后接动词原形) 为什么不做某事呢?

  回答:Good idea 好主意;

  33. May I take your order ? 可以点菜了吗?

  34. wait a moment = just a moment 等一下,请稍侯 wait for sb 等待某人

  35.Can I help you ?= May I help you ?= What can I do for you ? 需要点什么帮忙吗?

  36. eat out 出去吃饭

  37. let sb do sth 让某人做某事

  38. have dinner/ breakfast /lunch/supper 吃正/早/午/晚 餐

  39. a kind of 一种…… all kinds of 各种各样的……

  40. be friendly/kind to sb 对某人友好

  41. such as 例如 例:I like fruits, such as oranges,bananas and apples

  42. be glad to do sth 例: I am glad to meet you, I am glad to be here.


  1. What do/does + 主语+ do ? == What +be+ 主语. ? == What’s one’s job ?

  回答:主语 + be  + 职业.

  例如: What does your father do? = What is your father?

  = What’s your father’s job?

  He is a teacher.

  Unit 4

  1. try on 试穿……

  2. we/I will take it 我们/我 买下了 ( 这里的take 相当于buy)

  3. buy sth for sb = buy sb sth 给某人买某物;

  4. I’m just looking 我只是看看;

  5. three hundred and sixty-five 365 (百位数和十位数之间加and , 十位数和个位数之间加”-“)

  6. a pair of 一对/一双……

  7. running shoes 跑鞋

  8. Are you kidding ? 你开玩笑吧;

  9. think about 考虑;

  10. thank you all the same 仍然谢谢你;

  11. Is that all? 就这么多吗? That’s all. 就这么多吧

  I2. I think so. 我认为是这样的. I don’t think so. 我认为不是这样的.

  13. 当把东西给某人时可以说: Here you are 或 Here be + 东西 或Here it is.

  14. Don’t worry.别担心 ① worry about + 宾语 如:Do you worry about your leesson?

 、赪orried 烦恼的 be worried about +宾语 如:She is worried about her mother.

  15. a few +可数名词 (肯定); 一点,一些; few + 可数名词: (否定) 几乎没有

  a little +不可数名词 (肯定); 一点,一些; little + + 不可数名词: (否定) 几乎没有

  16. be free = have time 有空的;反义词:be busy = have no time

  Are you free tomorrow? == Do you have time tomorrow ?

  17. 在某一天使用介词on , 在某个时刻用 at 如:On Sunday at a half past six

  当this 接时间,不用介词, this Sunday

  18. What’s up = what’s wrong ? = What’s the matter 什么事?

  19. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事(事还没做) forget doing sth 忘记曾做过某事(事已做完)

  20. tell sb about sth. 告诉某人某事 tell sb sth = tell sth to sb 把某事告诉某人

  ask/tell sb to do sth 叫某人做某事 ask/tell sb not to do sth 叫某人不要做某事

  21. 电话用语: ①Who’s this? 你是哪位? ② Is this ……你是……吗?

 、跿his is ……(speaking) 我是…… ④May I speak to……我可以找……吗?

  22. go for sth = go to do sth 去做某事 如: go for class = go to have class.

  23. It’s fun 真是有趣的事

  24. call sb = give sb a call 打电话给某人 call sb back 给某人回电话

  25. I’m afraid /sorry (that) + 从句 恐怕……/ 对不起,……

  26. I have no time = I don’t have any time 我没有时间 ( no = not any )

  27. be not in = be not at home = be out 出去了,不在家;

  28. sing a song / sing some songs 唱歌; fly a kite 放风筝;draw picture 画画

  play sports 做运动; watch TV 看电视 read books 看书 read newspaper看报纸

  29. let sb do sth (后接动词原形) 让某人做某事

  30. 时间读法有顺读法和逆读法: 顺读法(eleven thirty-six 表示11:36)

  逆读法(分钟数小于等于30分 用 past , 分钟数大于30分用to,如 five past ten 表示 10:05;

  five to ten 表示 9:55,half past six 表示6:30 , a querter to six 表示 5:45)

  31. show sth to sb = show sb sth 把……拿给某人看; 作为名词表示 演出,表演

  32. 祈使句的否定句,直接在句首加上Dont 就可以了

  33. have to ……(后接动词原形) 不得不……

  33.next time 下一次 next week 下个星期 the next day 第二天;

  34. next to…… = near…… 在……旁边

  35. get up 起床 go to bed 上床睡觉; get sb up 叫某人起床

  36. do one’s homework 做作业;

  37. have a picnic 野餐;have class 上课 have a meeting 开会 have a party 举办聚会

  have dinner/ breakfast /lunch/supper 吃正/早/午/晚 餐 have +东西 吃/喝……

  have a good time =enjoy oneself 玩得很愉快 have sb to do sth 让某人做某事

  have to do sth 不得不……

  38. on the weekday 在周末;

  39. lot of = lots of = many =much 许多的,大量的

  40. in the sun 在阳光下;

  41. sb like --- best = sb’s favorite + 种类 is / are …… 谁最喜欢……

  42. on one’s way to ---- 在某人去……的路上; on one’s way home 在某人回家的路上

  43. Here we are. 我们到了

  44. It’s very kind of you 你真是太好了;

  45. thanks / thank you for + n /v-ing 为……而感谢你;

  46. in the tree 在树上(外物附着) on the tree 在树上(树上本身长出的东西)

  In the wall 在墙里 (如 window ) on the wall 在墙上

  47. It’s time for sth/ doing sth It’s time to do sth 该到做……的时候了?

  It’s time for sb to do sth 是某人做某事的时候了


  1.What do you think of ----? = How do you like ---- ? 你认为……怎么样?

  例:What do you think of your English teacher ? == How do you like your English teacher ?

  2.How much be + 主语? ( 回答:It’s / They’re + 价钱.)

  How much is your English book ?

  问价格还可以用 what’s the price of ……

  3. Why not ……(后接动词原形) = Why don’t you …… (后接动词原形) 为什么不做某事呢?

  回答:Good idea 好主意;

  4.What time is it ? == What is the time? (回答:It’s +时间)

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