七年级英语上册语法专题复习

学习啦  於宝   2019-12-02 18:01:04

  英语语法的学习需要同学们多多练习并学会运用,下面是小编给大家带来的七年级英语上册语法专题复习,希望能够帮助到大家!

  七年级英语上册语法专题复习

  一、一般现在时:

  概念:

  1.现在的状态,经;蛳肮咝缘亩。

  2.主语所具的性格和能力。 3.客观真理。

  常用的时间状语:often(经常),usually(通常),sometimes(有时),always(总是),never(从不),

  on Sundays(在星期天),every day/month/year(每一天/月/年)

  句型结构:

  (一)主语+连系动词be(am/is/are)+名词/形容词/数词/介词短语/副词等做表语表状态(包括There be +n.)

  巩固练习

  1.I______(be) a student. My name_____(be) Tom.

  2. Where _____(be) my shoes? They___(be) here.

  3.Who ____(be) the girl with long straight hair?

  I think she ___(be) Kate.

  4. You and I ___(not be) in Class Six.

  5.___(be) there a supermarket on the Fifth Avenue?

  Yes, there_____(be).

  6. ____ her parents tall? No, they____.

  (二)主语(非第三人称单数)+行为动词原形+其他(用助 动词do 帮助构成否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问)

  主语(第三人称单数)+行为动词的第三人称单数+其他(用-助动词does 帮助构成否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问句)

  行为动词第三人称单数的构成

  1.在词尾加-s:speak-speaks, work-works

  2.以“辅音+y”结尾,把y改为i,再加-es:study-studies

  3.以s,x,ch,sh结尾,加-es: watch-watches teach-teaches

  特殊情况:have-has do-does go— goes

  巩固练习

  .1.His parents _______(watch) TV every night. My brother _________(do) homework every day.

  2.His parents _________(not watch) every night .

  My brother________(not do)homework every day.

  3._____his parents_____(watch) TV every night ? ______ your brother _____ (do)homework every day?

  4.He ____(have) two sisters.

  5.Peter____(study) hard.

  二. 现在进行时:

  表示说话瞬间或现阶段正在进行的动作。

  常用的时间状语: now(现在),listen(看),look(听)

  at the moment(此刻), at this time(这个时候)。

  结构:主语+助动词be(am/is/are)+行为动词的现在分词(v-ing)

  现在分词的构成:

  1.直接在词尾加-ing: eat-eating

  2.以“辅音字母+e”结尾,去掉e再加-ing: take-taking

  3. 以“元音字母+辅音字母”结尾的重读闭音节,先双写该辅音字母,再加-ing:如

  sit-sitting, put-putting, begin-beginning, run-running, swim-swimming, stop-stopping, get-getting, shop-shopping

  cut- cutting , plan→planning (计划), prefer→preferring (更喜欢)

  4.少数以­ie结尾的重读开音节的动词,把ie变为 y,再加­ing。如:die→dying(死),lie→lying(躺) , tie→tying(拴;系)

  巩固练习

  1. Jim __________________(take) photos in the park now.

  2. Listen!A girl___________(sing) next to the room.

  3. ______________Peter____________ (run) in the park now? Yes, he _____. No, he _______.

  4. Where _________Marry __________(have) a picnic now?

  5.Tom _________(not swim) now,he ________(do) his homework.

  6.Lily_______(lie) on the beach at this time.

  三、情态动词:

  1、任何主语+can/may/must+动词原形

  2、主语+ can’t/may not/ mustn’t+

  3、词原形 3.Can/May/Must + 主语+ 动词原形?

  4、疑问词+can/may/must+主语+动词原形?

  四、非谓语动词(固定搭配)

  1. like+ to do sth.不定式/ like +doingsh.动名词

  2.want to do sth. 3. love to do sth.

  4. would like to do sth. 5. stop doing sth/ stop to do sth.

  6. let sb. do sth.

  eg. 1.She wants _____(have) a party.

  2.Does he like _______(swim)?

  3.Thanks for _______(enjoy) CCTV show.

  4.She never stops ____(talk).

  五.人称代词:

  主格: 我 (I ), 你(you ) , 他( he ), 她 ( she ) , 它( it ) ,

  我们 ( we ), 你们 (you ), 他/她/它们( they)

  宾格 我 (me), 你( you), 他( him), 她(her), 它( it)

  我们( us), 你们 ( you) , 他/她/它们(them)

  形容词性物主代词:

  我的( my), 你的(your) , 他的 ( his), 她的(her) ,它的( its)

  我们的(our ),你们的(your ),他/她/它们的(their)

  名词性物主代词:

  我的(mine),你的(yours),他的(his),她的( hers),它的( its) 我们的(ours), 你们的( yours), ,他/她/它们的( theirs)

  巩固练习

  1.________(我) am a worker. _________(你) are a doctor.______(她) is a teacher.

  2.This is _____ (他的 )shirt.

  3. This is __________(我的)pen.

  4._________(他们的) trousers are there.

  5. I like this picture. Please give ________(它) to ________(我).

  6. People get ________(他们的) money from _________(我).

  7._____(他们) are new students. _____(他们的)

  names are Lucy and Lily.

  8. These are _____(我们的) shoes. Can ____(我们) wear______(它们)?

  9.Thank _______(你) for _______(你的) help.

  10. _______(他) loves _______(她), and _______(她)loves_____(他) ,too.

  六.特殊疑问句

  特殊疑问词在句中起引导作用,主要用来询问人或物、时间、地点、原因、数量等,下面列举一下特殊疑问词的功能:

  1.what—询问“什么,何物,何事”

  2.what time—询问“几点”

  3.when—询问“什么时候”,4.where—询问“何地,在哪里”

  5.who—询问“谁” 6.whose—询问“谁的”

  7.why—询问“为什么”

  8.how old—提问“年龄多大”

  9.how many—提问“可数名词的数量”

  10.how much—提问“不可数名词的数量或价钱”

  11.how often—提问“做某事的频率”

  12.how long—提问“时间多长或某物体的长度”

  注意:特殊疑问句不能用yes 或no 来回答,而应根据实际情况来回答。例如:

  1.—How old are you?

  你多大了?

  —Im twelve years old.

  我十二岁了。

  2.—How many people are there in your family?

  — There are four.

  注意:有些疑问词作主语时,语序不变。如:Who comes from America?

  谁来自美国?

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