学习啦  於宝   2019-12-02 17:46:06



  Unit 5 Our School Life

  topic1 How do you go to school?


  1. wake up 醒来,唤醒 get up 起床

  2. go to school 去上学 go home 回家

  3. go dancing / shopping / skating / swimming 去跳舞;购物、滑冰;游泳

  go doing something 可用于表达去进行某种娱乐休闲活动。

  4. 表示交通方式:

  on foot 步行

  by boat 坐船 by ship 坐船 by air 乘飞机

  by plane 乘飞机 by train 坐火车 by subway 搭乘地铁

  by car 坐小汽车 by bus 坐公共汽车 by bike 骑自行车

  5. take the subway / bus / car 搭乘地铁;公共汽车;小汽车

  6. drive a car to work = go to work by car 驾车去上班

  take a bus to work = go to work by bus 乘公共汽车去上班

  go to school on foot = walk to school 步行去上学

  7. ride a bike / horse 骑自行车;骑马

  8. after school / class 放学以后;下课以后

  9. play the piano / guitar / violin 弹钢琴;吉他;小提琴

  play basketball / soccer / football 打篮球;踢足球;打橄榄球

  play computer games 玩电脑游戏

  play with a computer 玩电脑

  play sports 做运动

  10. next to 紧挨着,在…旁边

  11. a plan of my school 一幅我们学校的平面图

  12. on weekdays 在工作日

  at weekends 在周末

  13. have breakfast / lunch / supper / dinner / meals 吃早餐;中餐;晚餐;正餐;一日三餐

  have classes / lessons / a meeting 上课;上课;开会

  14. watch TV / movies / games / the animals 看电视;电影;比赛;动物

  read novels / newspapers / books 看小说;报纸;书

  15. wash one’s face / clothes 洗脸;衣服

  16. 反义词:up – down, early – late 近义词:quickly – fast

  get up early 早起 be late for 迟到

  17. the first / second / third / fourth day 第一;二;三;四天

  18. clean the house 打扫房子

  19. 表示建筑物(尤其学校建筑物):

  on the playground 在操场

  at school / home / table 在学校;家里;桌旁

  in a computer room / teachers’ office / classroom building / gym / library / lab / canteen


  20. around six o’clock = at about six o’clock 大约在六点

  21. 频率副词:never, seldom, sometimes, often, usually, always


  1. It’s time to get up. 该起床的时候了。

  It’s time for breakfast. = It’s time to have breakfast = It’s time for having breakfast.该吃早饭了

  2. You must go to school early. 你必须早点去上学。(主观因素造成“必须”)

  I have to wash my face quickly. 我不得不迅速地洗脸。(客观因素造成“必须”)

  3. Happy New Year! The same to you! 新年快乐!也祝你新年快乐!

  4. How about you? = What about you? 你怎么样?

  5. It tastes good. 它尝起来很好。 It sounds good. 它听起来很好。

  6. How do you usually go to school? I usually go to school by bike.


  What do you usually do after school? I usually play computer games.


  7. How does she usually go to work? She usually goes to work by car.


  What does he usually do after class? He usually reads novels.


  8. The early bird catches the worm! 早起的鸟儿有虫吃。/ 笨鸟先飞。

  9. Where’s Mr. Zhou going? He’s going to Shanghai. 周先生将要去哪里?他将要去上海。



  1. 区别含有be动词和行为动词的肯定句式。

  I am at home.√ I stay at home.√ I am stay at home. × She stay at home. ×

  2. 一般疑问句、否定句表达的不同方式:

  Are you at home? Do you stay at home? Does she stay at home?

  Yes, I am. No, I am not. Yes, I do. No, I don’t. Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.

  I am not at home. I don’t stay at home. She doesn’t stay at home.

  3. 主语为第三人称单数时,谓语行为动词的变化。

  She plays computer games on Sundays.

  She studies English every morning.

  She goes to school on weekdays.

  She has breakfast at 6:45.

  4. 用法:

  (1) 表示现在的状况:I am a teacher. You are student. They are in London.

  (2) 表示经常的或习惯性的动作:I usually go to school on foot. She plays tennis every morning.

  (3) 表示主语具备的性格和能力等:He likes playing basketball. They do the cooking.


  1. 基本句式结构:I am playing with a computer.

  2. 现在分词构成法:

  go – going play – playing have – having drive – driving

  run – running swim – swimming begin – beginning

  3. 用法:

  (1)表示现在正在进行的动作:She is having dinner. 她正在用餐。

  (2)方位动词的现在进行时可用来表示将要发生的动作:I’m going. 我要走了。



  How do you usually go to school? I usually go to school by bike.

  I’m riding a bike now.

  What’s she doing? She’s dancing.

  Do you often go to the library?

  Topic 2 How often do you have an English class?

  一、 重点词语:

  1. 学科名词:

  政治 语文 数学 英语 历史 地理 生物 音乐 体育 美术

  politics Chinese math English history geography biology music P.E. Art

  2. 一周七天名词:

  星期日 星期一 星期二 星期三 星期四 星期五 星期六

  Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

  3. swimming pool 游泳池

  4. listen to music 听音乐 write letters 写信 go roller-skating 滑滑轮

  go shopping 去购物 have an English class 上英语课 go to the park 去公园

  meet friends 会见朋友 draw pictures 画画 play sports 做运动

  watch TV 看电视 play computer games 玩电脑游戏 play soccer 踢足球

  work on math problems 解答数学题 take exercises 做运动

  learn about the past 学习历史 learn how to read and write in Chinese 学着用中文读写

  play ball games with my classmates 和我的同班同学玩球类游戏

  5. be good at = do well in 擅长于… I am good at English. = I do well in English.

  6. be different from 与…不同 the same as 与…相同

  7. do outdoor activities 进行户外活动

  8. every week 每周 each day 每天 three times a week 每周三次

  9. 反义词:boring – interesting difficult – easy begin – finish

  近义词:difficult – hard

  10. care about 关心;担心

  11. try to do something 尝试去做某事

  12. do one’s best 尽力去做某事 do one’s homework 做家作

  13. like doing something = love doing something 喜欢做某事

  hate doing something 讨厌做某事

  14. noon break 午休

  15. at half past six = at thirty past six = at six thirty六点半 at seven o’clock = at seven 在七点

  at five fifteen = at fifteen past five = at a quarter past five五点十五分

  at fifteen to ten = at a quarter to ten = at nine forty-five 九点四十五分

  16. for a little while 就一会儿

  17. a student of Grade One 一年级的学生

  18. eat out 出去吃

  19. get home 到家


  1. Which place do you like best? I like the computer room best.你最喜欢哪个地方?我最喜欢电脑室。

  2. Swimming is my favorite sport. = I like swimming best. 游泳是我最喜欢的运动。

  3. Why do you think so? Because he likes sleeping. 你为什么这么想?因为他喜欢睡觉。

  4. How often do you go to the library? Very often. 你经常去图书馆吗?经常。

  5. Peter is good at soccer ball. 彼特擅长与足球。

  6. My interest is different from theirs. 我的兴趣和他们的不一样。

  7. How many lessons do you have every day? 你每天上多少节课?

  8. What time is school over? 什么时候放学?

  9. I try to do my best each day. 每天我都尽力做到最好。

  10. And if I always do my best, I need not care about the test. 如果我总是尽力,我就不需要担心考试

  11. After dinner, I often do my homework and then watch TV for a little while.


  三、语法学习:以How,Wh- 开头的疑问句。

  疑问词:how often, how long, how soon, how old, how many, how much, how big, how heavy, how wide, how far, what, when, who, whose, whom, where, which, why, what color, what time, what class…



  Which place do you like best? I like the computer room best.

  What’s your favorite subject? Math is.

  How often do you…? Every day. Always. Often. Seldom. Never. Sometimes.

  Do you like going to…? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

  How many lessons do you have every day? We have seven lessons every day..

  When do morning classes begin? At 7:20.

  topic3 I like the school life here.


  1. 反义词:first – last , borrow – return / give back end –begin easy—hard

  Interesting—boring lost—found

  同义词: end—be over , study—learn , of course –certainly/ sure , return –give back

  come from—be from (be= am/ is / are ), have class—have lesson

  2. 名词单数转化复数:life – lives shelf – shelves leaf – leaves half – halves child--children

  名词变成形容词:wonder – wonderful, use – useful, care – careful, beauty - beautiful

  interest – interesting, excite – exciting

  3. between… and… 在…与…之间

  4. school hall 学校大厅

  5. Our School Times 《学校时报》

  6. Everyday Science 《每日科技

  7. the school life 学校生活

  8. most of them 他们大多数

  9.wait for – 等待

  10 get home 到家

  11. and so on 等等

  12. on time 按时

  13. Here it is. = Here you are. 给你

  14. learn…from 向…学习


  1. Welcome to our school. 欢迎到我们学校来。

  2. What do you think of our school? It’s very nice. I like the school life here .


  3.。 Wait a minute. = Just a minute. 等一等。

  4. Thank you anyway. = Thank you all the same. 仍然谢谢你

  5. Thank you for your hard work. 谢谢你们的努力工作。

  6. Thank you for asking me. 谢谢你邀请我。

  7. I read them with great interest. (我读得津津有味)我带着极大的兴趣读它们。

  8. May I ask you some questions? Yes, please 我可以问你几个问题吗

  9. Where do you come from? I come from Australia. = Where are you from? I’m from Australia.


  10. How long can I keep it? Two weeks. 我能借多久?两个星期。

  11. . Do you have a problem? 你有问题吗?

  12. What day is it today ? It’s Wednesday . 今天是星期几? 今天是星期三。

  13.What time does the class begin / end ? 几点上课/ 下课?

  14.What is your favorite subject ? 你最喜爱的学科是什么(是哪一科) ?

  What subject do you teach ? 你教什么学科?(哪一科)

  15 How often do you do outdoor activities ? 你多常进行户外活动?

  16.How many lessons do you have every week ? 你每周上几节课?

  17.Why do don’t you like English ? 你为什么喜欢英语/ 不喜欢英语 ?

  Because it’s easy and interesting .因为它既容易又有趣。

  Because it’s difficult and boring. 因为它既难又烦人。

  18.I don’t like math at all .我一点儿(完全)不喜欢数学。

  三、语法学习:There is / are…某处(某时)有某物(某事)

  1. 用法:表示存在。什么时间或者地点“有”什么东西 几种基本句式:

  1. There is a book and two pens on the desk. 桌上有一本书和两支笔。

  2. There are two pens and a book on the desk. 桌上有两支笔和一本书。

  3. There isn’t a book on the desk. 桌上没有一本书。

  4. There aren’t two pens on the desk. 桌上没有两支笔。

  5. Is there a book on the desk? Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t.

  桌上有一本书吗?是的,有。/ 不,没有。

  6. Are there two pens on the desk? Yes, there are./ No, there aren’t.

  桌上有两支笔吗?是的,有。/ 不,没有。

  3. 与have的区别:

  I have a book. I don’t have a book. Do you have a book? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

  She has a book. She doesn’t have a book. Does she have a book? Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.


  1. Look ! They are playing soccer on the playground.

  2. Listen ! He is singing in the classroom.

  3. We are having an English class now. (at the moment)

  4.It’s seven o’clock in the evening . I am doing my homework.

  5. Where is Jim ? (当问答动作时用进行时) He is having lunch in the dining-room.

  6.根据上下文提示: What are you doing ? I am reading in the library.



  1. May I ask you some questions? Yes, please.

  2. What do you think of our school? It’s very nice.

  3. Can I borrow …? Sure, here you are.

  4. How long can I keep it? Two weeks. But you must return it on time.

  5. There is / are…

  6. Is there a bed in the room? Yes, there is.

  7. What are you / they doing ? I (We are) / They are) am reading stories .

  8. What is he/ she doing ? He/ She is having a biology class.

  Unit 6 Our Local Area

  Topic 1 I have a nice house


  1. in front of 在……的前面

  2. hear from sb. 收到某人的来信

  3. next to 靠近

  4. give back归还

  5. for a while 一会儿

  6. go upstairs 上楼

  7. have a look 看一看

  8. put away 把……收起来

  9. play with a ball 玩球

  10. on the second floor 在第二层

  11. look after 照顾;照看;照料;保管


  1. Why not go upstairs and have a look?

  (1) go upstairs上楼 go downstairs下楼

  (2) have a look看

  have a look at… 看……

  have a walk散步

  have a bath洗澡

  have a swim游泳

  have a talk谈话

  have a rest休息

  (3) Why not+动词原形…?句型是提建议的一种表达法,形同“Why don’t + 人称代词 + 动词原形上+ …?”。这样的句型常用来启发或建议某人做某事;卮鸪S肙k, let’s…/All right./That’s a good idea.

  2. Please give it back soon.请尽快地把它还给我。

  give …back:(=return)归还:代词作宾语时应放在give 和back的中间,如果是名词作宾语,可放在中间,也可放在后面。例如:

  give the book back;/give back the book.

  give it back / give them back

  类似的短语还有put away, put on, try on, take off,

  3.Let’s play computer games for a while.让我们玩一会儿电脑吧。

  (1) play computer games玩电脑游戏

  (2) Let’s …=Let us后接动词原形:让我们……

  4.My pet dog plays with the ball everywhere.我的宠物狗在家里到处玩球。

  (1) everywhere=here and there处处;到处

  (2) play with 其后接人时,意为“与……玩”


  play football, play basketball, play volleyball指技术性较高的运动

  5.There is a watermelon and lots of apples in the box.箱子里有一个西瓜和许多苹果。

  (1) lots of =a lot of 许多的;大量的,用来修饰名词

  There are a lot of students in that school. (=many)

  There was a lot of snow last year.(=much)

  There’s a lot of rice in the bag.(=much)

  三、语法:There be句型和Have的区别

  类型 There be Have

  涵义不同 侧重 "存在关系",表示"某地或某时间存在某人/某物",there只是引导词,无意义。

  如:There is a boat in the river.河里有一条船。 侧重 "所属关系",示"属于……所拥有"的东西,第三人称用has。如: I have a nice watch.


  She has a new computer.


  句型不同 1.肯定式:There is/are+主语+其它。

  2.否定式:There is/are+ not+主语+其它。

  3.疑问式:--Is/Are there+主语+其它?

  --Yes, there is/are.

  --No, there isnt/arent 1.肯定式:主语+have/has+其它。

  2.否定式:a)主语+dont/doesnt have+其它;





  主谓一致不同 1.There is +单数主语/不可数主语…如:

  There is some milk in hte bottle.

  There is a hat on the desk.

  2.There are+复数主语…如:There are some flowers in the basket.

  3.There is +单数主语+and+复数主语…如: There is a mouse and two pens on the deak.

  4.There are+复数主语+and+单数主语…如:There are two pens and a mouseon the desk. 1.主语(第三人称单数)+has+…如:

  She has many new clothes.

  Tom has a nice feather.

  2.第一、二人称单数和复数主语+have+…如:You have some good firends but they have few.

  划线提问不同 1.对主语提问一律用"Whats+某地/某时?"结构,其中谓语动词须用is,且there要省略。如:There are some pictures on the wall.---Whats on the wall?

  2.对地点提问要用"Where is/are there…?"如:There is a black car under the tree.--Where is there a black car?

  3.对主语的数量提问要用"How many+主语(复数)+are there…?/How much+主语(不可数)+is there…?"

  如: Therere three people in my family. --How many people are there in your family?

  Theres some rice in the bag.

  ---How much rice is there in the bag? 1.对主语提问要用"Who/has/have+…?"如: Mary has a sweater.--Who has a sweater?

  We have new brooms.--Who hsve new brooms?

  2.对宾语提问要用"What have/has+主语?/What do does+主语+have…?"如: My father has a big farm .

  What has your father?/

  What does your father have?

  3.对宾语的数量提问用"How many+复数名词+have/has+主语?/How much+不可数名词+have/has+主语?"或"How many +复数名词+do/does+主语+have?/How much+不可数名词+do/does+主语+have?"

  如:I have two pictures.

  --How many pictures do you have?/How many pictures have you?

  注意 there be结构在改为否定或疑问句时,一般将some改为any.

  如:There are some dishes on the desk.

  --There arent any dishes on the desk./Are there any dishes on the desk? have 句型在改为否定句时,也应将 some 改为 any.

  如: She has some fruit.

  --She hasnt/doesnt have any fruit./Has she any fruit?/Does she have any fruit?

  注:在表示 "附属于某物/某处的东西"时,there be结构与have句型都可以用。如:

  There are four windows in the classroom =The classroom has four windows.

  The house has eighteen floors.=There are eighteen floors in the house.

  Topic 2 I am your new neighbor.


  1. look for寻找

  2. a parking lot停车场

  3. at the street corner在街道的拐角

  4. play the piano弹钢琴

  5. knock at(the door)敲(门)

  6. hear sb. doing sth.听到某人正在做某事

  7. at the end of 在……的尽头;在……的末尾

  8. in the suburbs在郊外;在郊区

  9. according to按照


  1. What’s your home like?你的家什么样?

  like用作动词时意为“喜欢”,用作介词时意为“像……”,常用短语:be like, look like

  2. I’m looking for a grocery store.我正在找一家杂货店。

  look for 寻找。强调寻找的动作;


  find out着重指通过分析、调查等弄清或杳明一件事情

  Are you looking for your pen? Yes, I am.你在找你的钢笔吗?是的。

  Can you help me find my bike?你能帮我找到自行车吗?

  Please find out who broke the window.请找出是谁把窗户打破的?

  3.There is one in front of our building.我们的楼前有一家(杂货店)。

  in front of 在……的前面(在范围之外的前面)

  in the front of在……的前面(在范围内的前面)

  There is a tree in front of the classroom..教室前面有一棵树。(树在教室外)

  The teacher is standing in the front of the classroom.老师站在教室的前面。(老师在教室里)

  4.What’s the matter?怎么了?(出什么事了?)

  类似的表达法还有:What’s up?/What’s wrong?/What’s going on?

  5.People enjoy living in a house with a lawn and a garden.人们喜欢住带有草坪和花园的房子。

  enjoy doing sth.喜欢、享受做某事。Enjoy后接名词或动词的ing形式,如:

  He enjoys reading novels.他喜欢读小说。

  6.I hear you playing the piano beautifully.我听见你弹钢琴很动听。

  hear sb. doing sth.听到某人正在做某事。如:.

  I hear them singing songs in the next room.我听到他们正在隔壁房间唱歌。

  7.Hello, this is Mrs. Wang speaking.喂,我是王太太。

  电话用语,不用I和you, 而用this和that。如:

  This is Mary (speaking).我是玛丽。

  Who’s that (speaking)?你是谁?

  8. The kitchen fan doesn’t work.厨房的排气扇不工作了。


  如:My clock doesn’t work.我的钟不走了。

  Topic 3 Is there a supermarket around here?

  一、 词汇:

  1. thousands of成千上万的

  2. a public phone公用电话

  3. get to到达

  4. the way to the station去车站的路

  5. be far from远离……

  6. traffic lights交通灯

  7. across from在(街,路等)的对面

  8. between…and…在……和……之间

  9. the information desk咨询处

  10. on the left在左边;on the right在右边


  1. Excuse me, how can I get to the library?劳驾,去图书馆怎么走?

  2. Turn right at the second turn.在第二个拐弯处向右拐。

  (1) turn right(left)= turn to the right (left)向右(左)拐

  (2) turn (turning)名词,拐弯处

  at the first turning在第一个拐弯处

  (3) Turn right at the second turn. =Take the second turning on the right.

  3. Thank you anyway.仍然(还是)要谢谢你。类似的还有:

  Thank you all the same./Thank you anyhow.

  4. You need to take No. 718 bus here.你需要乘718路公共汽车。

  need作行为动词时,意为“需要,需求”,有人称、数和时态的变化。need to do sth. 需要做某事,如:You need to have a good rest.你需要好好休息。

  need还可作情态动词,意为“必要,需要”,后接动词原形,常用作否定形式needn’t,意为“不必”,如:You needn’t drive so fast.你不必开得这么快。

  5. Every year thousands of people get hurt or die in road accidents.每年成千上万的人在交通事故中受伤或死亡。

  hundred和thousand等表示数目的词前如果有确切的数字,这些词不用复数形式,后面直接跟名词;如果本身表示模糊的概念,这些词用复数且后跟of才能再接名词,如:two hundred books两百本书hundreds of books成百上千本书

  five thousand trees五千棵树thousands of trees 成千上万棵树

  6. If everyone obeys the rules, the roads will be much safer.如果人人都遵守交通规则的话,道路交通就会变得更加安全。

  (1) much safer安全得多 much用在比较级前,强调程度。类似的还有a little等。

  The earth is much bigger the moon.地球比月亮大得多。

  Are you feeling much better today?你今天觉得好点了吗?

  Tom is a little taller than his mother.汤姆比他妈妈高一点儿。

  (2) if 连词,意为“如果,假如”

  If you are hungry ,you can buy some food in the shop.如果你饿了,你可以在店里买点食物。

  If he comes , I will tell you .如果他来了,我就告诉你。


  1. 英语中常见的问路方法有:

  (1) Is there a … near here?

  (2) Where is the … ,please ?

  (3) Do you know the way to… ,please?

  (4) Which is the way to … ,please?

  (5) How can I get to …?

  (6) Can you tell me the way to…?

  (7) Can you find the way to …?

  (8) I want to go to… .Do you know the way?

  2. 英语中常见的指路方法有:

  It’s over there .

  It’s next to the …

  It’s across from…

  It’s behind the …

  It’s between … and … .

  Walk/Go along this street.

  It’s about …meters from here.

  Take the first turning on the left.

  Walk on and turn right.


  绝大多数形容词有三种形式,原级,比较级和最高级, 以表示形容词说明的性质在程度上的不同。

  形容词的原级: 形容词的原级形式就是词典中出现的形容词的原形。 例如:

  poor tall great glad bad

  形容词的比较级和最高级: 形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在形容词的原级形式的基础上变 化的。 分为规则变化和不规则变化。


  1) 单音节形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在词尾加 -er 和 -est 构成。

  great (原级) greater(比较级) greatest(最高级)

  2) 以 -e 结尾的单音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加 -r 和 -st 构成。

  wide (原级) wider (比较级) widest (最高级)

  3)少数以-y, -er, -ow, -ble结尾的双音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加 -er 和 -est 构成。

  clever(原级) cleverer(比较级) cleverest(最高级)

  4) 以 -y 结尾,但 -y 前是辅音字母的形容词的比较级和最高级是把 -y 去掉,加上 -ier 和-est 构 成.

  happy (原形) happier (比较级) happiest (最高级)

  5) 以一个辅音字母结尾其前面的元音字母发短元音的形容词的比较级和最高级是双写该辅音字 母然后再加 -er和-est。

  big (原级) bigger (比较级) biggest (最高级)

  6) 双音节和多音节形容词的比较级和最高级需用more 和 most 加在形容词前面来构成。

  beautiful (原级) difficult (原级)

  more beautiful (比较级) more difficult (比较级)

  most beautiful (最高级) most difficult (最高级)


  原级      比较级       最高级

  good      better        best

  many      more        most

  much      more        most

  bad       worse       worst

  little      less        least

  ill        worse       worst

  far       farther(further)   farthest(furthest)

  Unit 7 The Birthday Party

  Topic1 Can you dance?


  1. Happy Birthday!生日快乐!

  2. take photos拍照

  3. work out作出,解决

  4. how about/what about如何,怎样

  5. fly kites放风筝

  6. row a boat划船

  7. perform ballet ]表演芭蕾舞

  8. dance the disco跳迪斯科

  9. make model planes做飞机模型

  10. draw pictures画画

  11. show sb. sth.给某人看某物

  12. two years ago两年前

  13. be in hospital(生病)住院


  1. What are you going to perform at Kangkang’s birthday party?你打算在康康的生日晚会上表演什么?

  “be going to+动词原形”的句型常用来表示打算、准备做某事或即将发生或肯定要发生某事,be是助动词,有人称和数的变化,如:

  He is going to have a swim this afternoon.

  2. What about /How about +名词、代词或动名词,意为“……怎么样?”常用来表示对……的看法,或表示建议、询问的方式,如:

  How/What about sitting here to look at the moon?坐在这儿赏月怎么样?

  3. I only can sing English songs.我只会唱英文歌曲。(情态动词can的用法)

  They couldn’t sing any English songs two years ago.两年前他们不会唱英文歌曲。

  一段时间+ago:表示在……时间以前,如:three months ago三个月以前

  4.What will you buy for Kangkang as a birthday present?你要给康康买什么礼物?


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