七年级英语上册重点句型和词组

学习啦  於宝   2019-12-02 17:34:33

  英语学习不仅要积累大量的词汇,更要掌握好句子结构及短语词组的知识,下面是小编给大家带来的七年级英语上册重点句型和词组,希望能够帮助到大家!

  七年级英语上册重点句型和词组

  I.重点句型

  Good morning/afternoon/evening.

  Good morning/afternoon/evening.

  How are you? I’m fine,/OK,thanks. Fine,thanks.

  What’s this in English? It’s a map. It’s V.

  Spell it please. K-E-Y.

  What color is it/the key? It’s blue. The key is yellow.

  Hello, Frank. Hello/Hi, Eric.

  Unit 1 My name is Gina.

  I.重点句型

  What’s your name? My name is Jenny. /I’m Jenny. /Jenny.

  Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you , too.

  What’s his name? His name is Jenny. Jenny.

  What’s her name? Her name is Linda.. Linda.

  What’s your first name? My first name is Jack. Jack.

  What’s your last/family name?

  My last/family name is Green. It’s Green.

  What’s your/his/her phone number?

  My /His/Her phone number is 234-4567. /It’s 281-9176.

  II.词组

  1 name’s=name is 名字是

  2 I’m=I am 我是

  3 she’s=she is 她是

  he’s=he is 他是

  you’re =you are 你是(复数形式)

  they’re=they are 他(她;它)们是

  that’s=that is 那是

  isn’t=is not 不是(单数形式)

  he’s not =he is not=he isn’t 他不是

  what’s=what is 什么是

  where’s=where is 在哪儿是

  Let’s=Let us 让我们

  4 Nice to meet/see you 见到你很高兴

  5 last name=family name=surname 姓氏

  6 first name = given name 名字

  7 telephone number 电话号码

  =phone number 电话号码

  8 ID card 身份证

  9 Good morning (to sb) 早上好

  10 Good afternoon 下午好

  11 Good night /evening . 晚上好

  12 Sit down, please. =Have a seat, please. 请坐

  13 That’s all right. 好;行;不用谢;没关系

  That’s right . 对的、正确的

  All right . 好的,行,好吧

  14 Not at all.=It’s a/my pleasure.=That’s OK.

  =You’re welcome.=That’s all right. 不用谢

  Unit 2 Is this your pencil?

  I.重点句型

  Is that/this/it your backpack? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t . It’s his backpack.

  This/That is my eraser.

  How do you spell it/pen? P-E-N.

  Call Allan at 486-67895 Call 685-6098 Call Mary. Phone # 235-7865.

  Is that your computer game in the lost and found case? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

  II.词组

  1 pencil case 铅笔盒

  2 pencil sharpener 卷笔刀

  3 pen pal =pen friend 笔友

  4 Thank you. =Thanks . 谢谢你

  5 in English 用英语

  6 computer game(s) 电子游戏

  7 Lost and Found 失物招领

  8 a set of 一副;一套

  a set of keys 一串钥匙

  9 who’s=who is 谁是

  11 it’s=it is 它是

  12 look at 朝…看

  13 ball-point pen 圆珠笔

  14 call sb at+电话号码 打电话给某人

  15 gold ring 金戒指

  16 school ID card ?

  17 See you later.=See you soon . 再见

  Unit 3 This is my sister.

  I.重点句型

  That/This is his sister.

  These/Those are my two brothers.

  Is she your friend? Yes, she is. No, she isn’t.

  Is he your brother? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t.

  Thanks for the photo of your family.

  Here is my family photo.

  Who’s your sister? This/She is my sister.

  II.词组

  1 Thanks for...+n./doing sth 为…而感谢

  2 pen friend 笔友

  3 aren’t=are not 不是(复数形式)

  4 Thanks for your help 为了感谢你的帮助

  5 in the picture 在图中

  6 look at 朝…看

  7 talk about 谈论关于

  8 family photo 家庭照片

  9 family tree 家谱

  10 what about=how about 关于…怎么样

  11 draw a picture 画画

  12 a photo(picture) of …的一张照片

  13 on the back of the photo 在照片背后

  14 take photos (a photo) 拍照

  www.xkb1.com

  Unit 4 Where’s my backpack?

  I.重点句型

  Where’s my backpack? It’s under the table.

  Where are your baseballs? They’re on the floor.

  Is the baseball on the sofa? Yes ,it is. No, it isn’t.

  I don’t know.

  Are they on the bed? Yes, they are./ No, they aren’t.

  Are these/those your books? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

  Please take these things to your sister.

  Can you bring some things to school?

  The keys are in the drawer.

  Here’s my room.

  II.词组

  1 in the drawer 在抽屉里

  2 don’t=don not 不是(动词主语形式)

  3 in pair 成对的

  4 Goodbye.= Bye-bye 再见

  5 behind the computer 在电脑后面

  6 write down 写下;记下

  7 I’m sorry 对不起

  8 act out 表演出来

  9 alarm clock 闹钟

  10 video tape 录像带

  11 soccer ball 英式足球

  12 school bag 书包

  13 in the backpack 在书包里

  14 under the bed 在床下

  15 on the chair 在椅子上

  16 on the dresser 在梳妆台上

  17 math book 数学

  18 take sth to…(there/him/+地点) 把…带去

  19 bring sth to …(here/me/+地点) 把…带来

  20 the math book 这本数学书

  21 the notebook 这个笔记本

  22 on the floor 在地上

  Unit 5 Do you have a soccer ball?

  I.重点句型

  Do you have a ping-pong ball?

  Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

  Does he/she have a tennis racket?

  Yes, he/she does. No, he/she doesn’t.

  Let’s play ping-pong.

  It’s boring.

  That sounds good/interesting.

  I don’t have a ping-pong ball.

  He/She doesn’t have a volleyball.

  She/He has a great sports collection.

  We have many sports clubs.

  He watches them on TV.

  Do you have some more paper? Yes, I do. /No, I don’t.

  II.词组新课 标第 一 网

  1 tennis racket 网球

  2 baseball bat 棒球球拍

  3 doesn’t=does not 不是(动词三单形式)

  4 watch TV 看电视

  5 have /play/do sports 做运动

  6 a good idea 一个好主意

  7 every day/morning/Sunday/… 每天/每个早上/…

  8 watch a game(s) 看比赛/游戏

  9 like doing 喜欢做某事(爱好)

  10 like to do 喜欢做某事(特定时间)

  11 a ping-pong bat 乒乓拍

  12 That sounds interesting(fun)/good/difficult/boring/relaxing.

  那听起来很有趣/好/困难/无聊/轻松。

  13 a great collection 丰富的收藏

  14 let sb. do sth. 让某人干某事

  15 play ping-pong/tennis/volleyball/soccer/basketball…

  打乒乓/网球/排球/足球/篮球

  16 play computer games 打电子游戏

  17 watch sth. on TV 在电视上看

  18 every day/morning/afternoon/evening

  每天/每天早上/每天下午/每天晚上

  Unit 6 Do you like bananas?

  I.重点句型

  Do you like hamburgers? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

  Does he/she like a salad?

  Yes ,he/she does. No ,he/she doesn’t.

  She/He likes hamburgers for lunch.

  She doesn’t like hamburgers.

  Let’s have French fries.

  For dinner, she has chicken and tomatoes.

  Great!

  II.词组

  1 French fries 薯条

  2 ice cream 冰淇淋

  3 running star 赛跑明星

  4 lots of = a lot of + (C)复数/ (U) 大量;许多

  5 French chicken leg 炸鸡腿

  6 ice stick 冰棒

  7 have breakfast/lunch/dinner/supper 吃早/中/晚餐

  8 movie (film) star 电影明星

  9 music star 歌星

  10 healthy food 健康食物

  11 eat food 吃食物

  12 have sth. for breakfast/lunch/dinner/supper

  哪顿饭吃某物

  13 have a look (at sth.) 看一看(某物)

  14 at school/ at home 在学校/在家里

  15 relax sports 休闲运动

  16 some runners 一些运动员

  Unit 7 How much are these pants?

  I.重点句型

  How much is this T-shirt? It’s seven dollars.

  How much are these socks? They’re two dollars.

  Can I help you? =What can I do for you?

  I want a sweater.=I’d like a sweater.

  What color do you want? Here you are.

  I’ll take it. You’re welcome.

  That’s OK. That’s all right.

  The blue sweater is 7 dollars.

  We have sweaters at a very good price.

  We have great bogs for only 12 yuan.

  We have T-shirts in red for 18 dollars.

  Anybody can afford our prices!

  Come and see for yourself at Huaxing Clothes Store!

  II.词组xkb1.com

  1 how much + (U) 多少/多少钱

  2 how many + (C)复数 多少

  3 Here you are. 给你

  4 bags for sports 运动包

  5 come to 到…来

  6 I’m sorry. 对不起

  7 can I help you?=What can I do for you? 需要我帮忙吗?

  8 want sth. /to do sth. 想要sth /想要做某事

  9 what color 什么颜色

  10 great sale 大甩卖

  11 want sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

  12 That’s OK.= It’s my pleasure.(5种) 不用谢

  13 That’s not all. 不只这些

  14 black and blue 黑白相嵌

  15 on sale 在出售

  16 at the price of 以…的价格

  17 at a very good price 一个好价钱/价格合理

  What’s the price of sth ?=How much … 多少钱

  like something cheap 喜欢便宜的东西

  18 have sth. for only +价钱 有某物只卖…

  19 in all colors 各色

  20 in+颜色 着色

  21 see for yourself 亲眼看

  22 boys and girls=class 同学们

  23 clothes store= clothes shop 服装店

  =clothing store= clothing shop 服装店

  24 ask sb to do sth 叫某人做某事

  25 I don’t think so. 我不这么认为

  26 afford sth./to do sth. 买得起某物/提供金钱干某事

  27 buy sth. for +价钱 多少钱买某物

  28 sell sth. for +价钱 多少钱卖某物

  Unit 8 When is your birthday?

  I.重点句型

  When is your birthday?

  It’s October 25th. My birthday is October tenth.

  When is your mother’s birthday? Her birthday is June 8th.

  How old are you? What’s your age?

  I’m thirteen.

  When is the school trip? Do you having a fun birthday?

  Happy birthday!

  II.词组

  1 how old 几岁

  2 school trip 郊游

  3 basketball/ volleyball game 篮球赛/排球赛

  4 help sb with sth 帮助某人某事

  5 school day 学校上课日

  6 be born in/on 出生于

  7 date of birth=birthday 出生日期

  8 Art Festival 艺术节

  9 Music Festival 音乐节

  10 pop contest 流行音乐会

  11 (English) speech contest (英语)演讲比赛

  12 soccer ball game 足球赛

  13 birthday party 生日会

  14 school day 学校庆祝日

  15 English party 英语聚会

  16 each year =every year 每年

  17 a piece of paper 一张纸

  新课 标 第 一 网

  Unit 9 Do you want to go to a movie?

  I.重点句型

  Do you want to go to a movie? I want to see a comedy.

  What kind of movies do you like?

  I like action movies and comedies.

  She likes documentaries but she doesn’t like thrillers.

  Do you like Beijing Opera?

  She thinks action movies are exciting.

  She often goes to see Beijing Opera with her father.

  Mike is English. Mike is an English boy.

  II.词组

  1 action movie 动作片

  2 what kind (of sth) 哪一种/何种东西

  a kind of sth (单数) 一种

  all kinds of sth (复数) 各种各样

  different /many /some kinds of sth (复数)

  不同/许多/一些种类

  3 Beijing Opera 京剧

  4 stay at home =be at home 呆在家里

  5 go to a movie 去看电影

  6 see a movie 看电影

  7 learn about … 学关于…

  8 look for 寻找(动作)

  find 找到(结果)

  find out (经过一番努力)找出

  9 look at sth 朝…看

  look like=be like 看上去象

  look the same 看起来一样

  look out (of sth) 朝…外看/小心

  look sth up (in a dictionary) 查找

  look around 环顾四周

  look after=take care of=care for 照顾

  look after sb well=take good care of sb

  =care for sb well 很好照顾某人

  10 see a comedy/tragedy 看一场喜剧/悲剧

  11 go to see +电影名with sb. 和某人一起去看…

  12 on weekend 在周末

  13 thanks = thank you /thank sb. 感谢某人

  thanks very much 非常感谢

  thanks for (sth. /doing sth) 为…而感谢某人

  14 learn a lot / much 学会了许多

  15 want to be 想成为…

  be going to be 打算成为/将成为

  16 go to movies with sb. 和某人一起去看电影

  17 What do you like best?

  =What’s your favorite ? 你最喜欢什么

  like sth best = be one’s favorite 最喜欢某物

  18 go to school 去学校/去上学

  go home 回家

  go to do sth 去做某事

  go to see sth /sb 去看某物/某人

  go to (see) a film(s) 去看电影

  = go to (watch) a movie(s) 去看电影

  = go to the cinema 去看电影

  go to +地点/Japan/Hebei/West Lake 去…

  go to +the+地点n./the museum/the mountain

  go doing/swimming/hiking/sightseeing…

  19 at night = in the evening 在晚上

  20 read a story /stories 读/看故事

  21 tell sb sth 告述某人某事

  tell sb about sth 告诉某人关于某事

  tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

  22 in Beijing /+大地点 在北京/在某地

  23 young/old people 年轻人/老年人

  24 on weekend(s) 在周末

  25 Chinese /American history 中国历史

  26 exciting story /stories 振奋人心的故事

  30 Chinese action movie(s) 中国动作/武打片

  31 great actor(s) 巨星

  Unit 10 Can you play the guitar?

  I.重点句型

  What club do you want to join? I want to join the art club. I don’t know.

  Can you swim? Yes,I can.

  What can you do ? We can paint.

  Can you play the guitar?

  Can you help kids with swimming?

  Are you good with kids?

  We need help for our Beidaihe School Trip.

  Come and join us. She can’t sing or dance.

  She can play the piano but she can’t play the violin.

  Musicians wanted for School Music Festival.

  You can be in our school music festival.

  Please call Zhang Heng at 622-6033.

  Come and show us!

  Can I help you?

  May I know your name?

  Why do you want to join the club?

  II.词组

  1 can’t=can not 不能

  2 play chess 下象棋

  3 join us 加入到我们中来

  4 play the guitar 弹吉他

  5 play the piano 弹钢琴

  6 speak English 说英语

  7 need help for sth. 做某事需要帮助

  8 help sb. with sth. 在某方面帮助某人

  9 talk to sb 对某人讲话

  10 talk with sb 与某人交谈

  11 on Sunday(s) 在星期天

  12 little girl/boy 小男孩/女孩

  13 join the…club 参加…俱乐部

  14 English club 英语俱乐部

  15 chess club 象棋俱乐部

  16 art club 艺术俱乐部

  17 swimming club 游泳俱乐部

  18 painting club 绘画俱乐部

  19 singing club 唱歌俱乐部

  20 dancing club 跳舞俱乐部

  21 music club 音乐俱乐部

  22 play sth. well 玩得很好

  23 be good with sb 和某人相处愉快

  24 play the drums 打鼓

  25 sing or dance 唱歌或跳舞

  26 sth/sb wanted 征聘sth./sb.

  27 tell sth. to sb = tell sb sth 告述某人某事

  28 be in … 成为…的成员

  29 call sb at+号码 打电话给某人

  30 show sb sth=show sth to sb 把…显示给某人看

  31 show me your ID card 把你的身份证给我看

  32 do Chinese kung fu 会中国功夫

  xkb1.com

  Unit 11 What time do you go to school?

  I.重点句型

  What time do you usually get up,Rick?

  I usually get up at 5 o’clock.

  What time does Alicia take a shower?

  What a funny time to eat breakfast?

  To get to work, he takes the umber 17 bus to a hotel.

  The bus usually takes him to work at 19:15.

  Can you think what his job is?

  What time is it?=what’s the time? It’s eight thirty.

  When does Tom usually eat dinner?

  He usually eats dinner at around six-thirty.

  Thanks for your letter.

  School starts at nine o’clock.

  Please write and tell me about your morning.

  Are you awake?

  II.词组

  1 what time=when 几点

  2 go to school 去学校/去上学

  3 go to work 去上班

  4 work very long hours 工作很长时间

  5 get up (反义:go to bed) 起床

  6 put on (反义:take off) 穿上/脱掉

  7 get to=arrive at/in/reach+地点 到达某地

  8 listen to .听…

  9 go to bed 上床睡觉

  10 do homework 做作业

  11 go home 回家

  12 take/have a shower 沐浴

  13 be busy (with sth)/doing sth 忙于做某事

  14 brush one’s teeth 刷牙

  15 take a bus/taxi/train/subways 乘公共汽车

  16 have/eat breakfast/lunch/supper/dinner吃早餐/吃午餐/晚餐

  17 go to work 去上班

  18 after breakfast/lunch/supper 早饭后…

  19 write to sb 写信给某人

  20 write and tell me sth 请写信告诉我某事

  21 all night 整晚

  22 do one’s homework 做某人的作业

  23 school starts 开始上课

  24 love to do sth. 喜欢做某事(具体某次)

  love doing sth. 喜欢做某事(习惯)

  25 listen to sb. 听某人说

  26 get home 到家

  go home 回家

  27 in the morning 在早上

  28 in the afternoon/evening 在下午/晚上

  29 take the Number 7 bus 坐17号公共汽车

  30 walk all night 工作整晚

  31 watch morning TV 看早间新闻

  32 write soon 尽快回信

  33 best wishes 最良好的祝愿

  34 go to bed early 早睡

  35 get up early 早起

  新课 标 第 一 网

  Unit 12 my favorite subject is science.

  I.重点句型

  What’s your favorite subject? My favorite subject is science.

  Why do you like P.E? Because it’s fun.

  Who is your science teacher? My science teacher is Mr. Wang.

  When do you have math?

  I have math on Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

  Why does he like science?

  After class I have volleyball for two hours.

  I have Chinese history club.

  I don’t like any subject.

  His “subject” is only running around with me.

  Do you really not like school?

  It’s very exciting to have a Chinese friend.

  II.词组

  1 physical education =PE 体育

  2 … year(s) old … 岁(年龄)

  3 be strict with 对某人严厉/严格

  4 favorite subject/city/food/color/sport … 最喜爱的科目/城市/食物/颜色/运动 …

  5 have+学科 上…课

  have math/English/Chinese 上数学课/英语..

  6 be busy 忙的

  7 be difficult 困难的

  8 be+adj. …的

  9 on Monday/Tuesday/Wednesday… 在星期一/二/三…

  10 TV show 电视节目

  11be busy(with sth/doing sth) 忙碌于…

  12 for two hours 两个小时

  13 be tired 疲倦的

  14 have Chinese history club 参加中国历史俱乐部

  15 ask sb. 询问某人

  ask sb. to do sth. 要某人干某事

  16 play with sb. 与某人玩耍

  17 run around with sb. 在某人周围跑

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