七年级英语下册语法重点知识点总结

学习啦  於宝   2019-11-27 16:03:16

  英语作为我们学习的第一门外语,同时也是三大科之一,学习并掌握这门课程是我们必须做到的,下面是小编给大家带来的七年级英语下册语法重点知识点总结,希望能够帮助到大家!

  人教版七年级下册unit 2重点内容归纳

  【知识归纳】

  1、Either...or...

  either…or…主要用于表示选择,其意为“要么…要么…”“或者…或者…”,用于连接两个性质相同的词或短语.如:

  Youcan have either this one or that one.

  你拿这个或那个都可以.

  Youmust either go at once or wait till tomorrow.

  你要么马上走,要么等到明天.

  Wecan finish the work either this week or next week.

  不是这星期就是下星期我们就可完成这项工作.

  特别注意:

  either…or…连接两个成分作主语时,谓语动词的形式遵循“就近原则”.如:

  Eitheryou or I am to go.你或我必须有人去.

  Eitherhe or you are right.要么他对,要么你对.

  3、Exercise

  exercise做锻炼时为不可数名词,如 do exercise

  exercise做练习或操讲为可数名词,如do math exercises,do morning/eye exercises

  2、job/work

  job就是指具体的一份工作,为是可数名词;work做动词时,常指工作状态

  如:

  What’syour job?

  Ihave a wonderful job,it’s so exciting.

  A:Whatare you doing right at this moment? B:I'm working!

  work作名词有两种意思:

  指“工作”时为不可数名词 out of work表示失业;

  做可数名词时表示“著作”,如Lun Xun’s works

  4、Lots of

  Lotsof = a lot of 既可以修饰可数名词又可以修饰不可数名词

  注意:a lot 不能修饰名词,常用来修饰形容词或动词,为副词词性

  5、频度副词

  频度副词按频度从高到底为

  Always–usually(generally)-often- sometimes-seldom- hardly- never

  对频度副词提问常用howoften

  6、Taste

  ··taste作动词时,有两种情况:

  ·taste后可跟名词或代词,意为“尝、品尝某物”。如:

  Tomsmelled the mooncake and then tasted it again.

  ·taste后可跟形容词,意为“尝起来...”,此时它是感官系动词。如:

  Themooncakes with nuts taste more delicious than those with sugar.

  其他感官系动词:feel,sound, look, smell等

  ··taste也可作名词,意为“味道、品尝”或“品味”。如:

  Pleasehave a taste of this cheese.

  Sugarhas a sweet taste.

  Hehas a good taste.

  【重点短语】

  at six thirty 在六点半

  after dinner 晚餐后

  at night 在夜间

  after that 在那之后

  a quarter past three in the afternoon 下午三点一刻

  be late for work 上班迟到

  brush teeth 刷牙

  be good for..对.....有益/好处

  do (one's) homework 做作业

  eat/have breakfast 吃早餐

  eatquickly 快速地吃

  eat a good breakfast 吃一顿丰盛的早餐

  either..or...或者...或者...

  from...to...从.....到......

  go home 回家

  go to school 去上学

  go to work 去上班

  go to bed (early)(早早)去睡觉

  get up 起床

  get dressed 穿上衣服

  get home 到家

  half an hour 半小时

  half past six in the morning 早上六点半

  lots of/a lot of...大量,许多

  on weekends( 在)周末

  play/dosports 做运动

  play computer games 玩电脑游戏

  radio station/show 广播电台/广播节目

  take a shower 洗淋浴

  take a walk 散步;走一走

  【重点句子

  At ten thirty,I brush my teeth and then I go to bed.

  十点半,我刷牙,然后上床睡觉。

  At twelve,she eat s lots of fruit and vegetables for lunch.

  到了十二点,午饭她吃很多水果和蔬菜。

  Afterschool,I sometimes play basketball for half an hour.

  放学后,我有时打半小时的篮球。

  After that,I usually exercise at about ten twenty.

  在那之后,我通常在10 点20 分左右锻炼。

  He works at a radio station.他在一家广播电台工作。

  Iusually get up at six thirty.我通常在六点半起床。

  I'm never late for work.我上班从来不迟到。

  Idon't like to get up early.我不喜欢早起。

  Idon't have much time for breakfast,soI usually eat very quickly.

  我没有太多的时间吃早饭,所以我通常吃得很快。

  In the evening,I either watch TV or play computer games.

  晚上,我要么看电视,要么玩电脑游戏。

  --Scott ,what time is your radio show? 斯科特,你的广播节目在几点?

  --From twelve o'clock at night to six o'clock in the morning.从夜里12点到早上6点。

  She knows it's not good for her,but it tastes good!

  她知道( 吃冰淇淋)对她不好,但它尝起来很美味!

  That's a funny time for breakfast! 那个时间吃早饭真有意思哟!

  Whattime do you usually take a shower, Rick? 里克,你通常几点钟洗淋浴?

  When do you go to work? 你什么时候去上班?

  WhenI get home,I always do my homework first.

  当我回到家时,我总是先做作业。

  【本单元语法】

  一、whattime与when

  1.whattime翻译为“几点”问的是具体的时间,一般回答要具体到小时。

  Whattime do you go to school? 你什么时候/几点上学?

  Igo to school at half past seven o’clock. 我七点半去上学。

  注意时间点前要加介词“at”

  2.when也是提问时间,但与what time的区别是:

  用when提问,回答既可以是具体的时间,也可以是不具体的时间,

  如:in themorning/afternoon/evening,lastyear,in 1998等范围大的时间,例如:

  Whendoes he take a shower?他什么时候洗澡?

  Hetakes a shower in the evening. 他在晚上洗澡。

  也可用具体时间:

  Itake a shower at 6 o’clock in the evening. 我晚上六点洗澡。

  3.问时间点只能用what time,如What time is it?

  二、频率副词的使用用法

  几个常见频率副词的用法

  ★always

  always意为“总是”,与进行时态连用时,也可用来表达喜爱、厌恶等感情色彩。

  e.g.

  Ishall always remember my first day at school. 我将永远记住我上学的第一天。

  Heis always smoking. 他总是抽烟。(厌恶情感)

  Sheis always so elegant.她总是如此高雅。(赞美情感)

  ★usually

  usually可以指通常的动作,侧重已经形成的习惯。

  e.g.

  Iusually do some shopping with my parents on Sundays.

  我通常在星期天和我的父母一起去买东西。

  Heusually goes to school by bike. 他通常骑自行车上学。

  ★often

  often是指经常性的动作,意思为“常常, 经常”。

  e.g.

  Childrendon't often do homework. 孩子们经常不写作业。

  Heis often late for school. 他经常上学迟到。

  ★sometimes

  sometimes意思为“有时,不时”,表示次数较少(低于often所表达的次数),常常与一般现在时或一般过去时连用。

  e.g.

  Sometimeshe goes to work by bike, and sometimes he goes by bus.

  有时候他骑自行车上班,有时候他乘公共汽车上班。

  SometimesI helped my parents in the house. 有时候我帮助父母做家务。

  ★hardly

  hardly意思为“难得, 几乎从来不”,它所表示的次数非常少。

  e.g.

  Hehardly drinks. 他几乎不喝酒。

  Shehardly plays cards. 她几乎不打牌。

  特别注意:hard与hardly为形近词,但是在意义上并无关联

  Hard做形容词时意为“坚硬的,困难的”

  做副词时意为“努力地,刻苦地”

  ★never

  never意思为“决不, 从未”,表示一次也没有。

  e.g.

  Henever lives there. 他从来都没有在那儿住过。

  Shenever has anything to do. 她一向无所事事。

  图示:

always

usually

often

sometimes

never

         

  100% 70—80% 60-70% 30-40% 0

  它们均属于“模糊频率”,无法表示具体次数

  ★但是以下这些频率副词可以准确地表达事情发生的频率。

  Once一次 twice两次 基数词+times...次

  单元检测

  一、单项选择(每小题1分,共15分)

  1. —________does Mr. Wang usually go to bed?

  — At nine.

  A. What time B. How time

  C. Who D.How

  2. —David, when do you get up every day?

  —I usually get up________ half past six. I'm never late for school.

  A. in B.at

  C. on D.during

  3. Look at the clock. It's six fifteen.

  A. fifteen to five

  B. fifteen past six

  C. a quarter to six

  D. a quarter past five

  4. You can either take a bus ________ gothere on foot.

  A. and B.or

  C. but D.so

  5. He wants to ________ as (作为) a teacher. He thinks it's aninteresting ________.

  A. work; work B. works; job

  C. work; job D. works; work

  6. We have ________ things to do this week,but I think we have ________ time to do them.

  A. much; a lot of B. a lot of; many

  C. many; lots of D. lots of; many

  7. The twins ________school in the morning.

  A. is often late for B. are often late for

  C. often are late to D. often is late to

  8. — ________ he go to work early?

  — Yes, he ________to work very early.[来源:Z+xx+k.Com]

  A. Do;go B. Does;go

  C. Does;goes D. Do;goes

  9. Rick takes a walk in the park everymorning.

  A. has B.runs

  C. goes D.eats

  10. To wash hands before meals is good________ our health.

  A. with B.for

  C. of D.at

  11. The mooncake tastes ________, and itsells ________.

  A. good; well B. good; good

  C. well; well D. well;good

  12. My father usually works very late________.

  A. on night B.in night

  C. at night D.with night

  13. It's a ________ story. We all like itvery much.

  A. bad B.funny

  C. interesting D. early

  14. He usually has a ________ breakfast,and then goes to work ________.

  A. quick; quickly

  B. quick; quick

  C. quickly; quickly

  D. quickly; quick

  15. The old man often takes a walk alone(独自), but ________ with his dog.

  A. always B.usually

  C. sometimes D. never

  二、完形填空(每小题1分,共10分)

  David has a happy family. In the morning hegets up ________16 5:30. He takes a shower and then he eatsbreakfast at six ________17.His parents get up at 5:00. They usually take a walk at 5:30. Then they ________18 breakfast.

  In the afternoon, David ________19 home at4:30. He and hisparents have dinner at six. In the evening, David likes watching TV. But hisparents ask him to do ________20 homework first. He goes to bed at 9:00.[来源:学科网]

  ________21, David doesn't go to school andhis parents don't go to work. They ________22 their house at home. They________23 in the park to keep (保持) healthy. They also make nice food. It ________24 good. They have ahappy ________25.

  16. A. in B.on C. at D. for

  17. A. clock B. hour C. hours D. o'clock

  18. A. have B.eats C. Has D. eating

  19. A. comes to B. comes back C. come to D. come back

  20. A. he B.David C. their D. his

  21. A. In weekend B. On weekends C.Weekend D. Weekends

  22. A. make B.play C. clean D. watch

  23. A. stop B.sit C. talk D. exercise

  24. A. tastes B. sounds C. feels D. watches

  25. A. job B.life C. walk D. night

  三、阅读理解 (每小题2分,共20分)

  A

  Jenny gets up early in the morning. She hasbreakfast and then goes to school. She walks to the bus stop and takes a bus.She gets to school at about half past seven.

  Jenny is never late for school. She likesher school and works hard. Classes begin at 8:00.She has six classes every day. Jenny is good at all her lessons,and she likes English best.

  Usually Jenny has lunch at school. She goeshome at five in the afternoon. Sometimes, she helps her friends with theirlessons after school. After supper she usually watches TV. Then she does herhomework. he goes to bed at about 9:30.Jenny is a good girl.

  26. Where does Jenny have breakfast?

  A. She has breakfast at home.

  B. She has breakfast at school.

  C. She has breakfast on her way to school.

  D. She has breakfast on the bus.

  27. How does Jenny do in her lessons?

  A. She doesn't like going to school.

  B. She can't do her lessons.

  C. She does very well in her lessons.

  D. She doesn't know her lessons at all.

  28. How many hours does Jenny stay at school?

  A. She is at school for about seven hours.

  B. She is at school for about seven and ahalf hours.

  C. She is at school for about eight hours.

  D. She is at school for about nine and ahalf hours.

  29. What does Jenny sometimes do afterschool?

  A. She has supper with her classmates atschool.

  B. She helps her friends with theirlessons.

  C. She does some shopping for her mother.[来源:学&科&网]

  D. She goes home with her friends.

  30. What does Jenny do after supper?

  A. She watches TV and then goes to bed.

  B. She watches TV and does some housework.

  C. She watches TV and does her homework.

  D. She reads her English and does somesports.

  B

  My friend Tom lives a happy life. Heusually gets up(1) at 6:00 a. m., and then he goes for a walk. At 7:00 a. m. he comes back. He brushes histeeth and takes a shower.(2)Then he eats breakfast. After breakfast, he goesshopping(购物) with his friends.(3)他大约十点半到家, and then he cooks lunch. After lunch, he goes to the club. Hereads books and plays chess. He eats dinner at home at 6:00 p. m.(4)________ the evening he likeswatching TV. At around 9:00 p. m. he goes to bed.

  根据短文内容,完成下列任务。

  31. 对文中(1)处画线部分提问:

  ________________________________________________________

  32. 将(2)处画线部分译成汉语:

  ________________________________________________________

  33. 将(3)处画线部分译成英语:

  ________________________________________________________

  34. 将正确的介词填入文中(4)处的横线上。

  ________________________________________________________

  35. 根据短文内容,判断句子正(T)误(F)。

  Tom eats breakfast at 6:30 a. m.()

  Tom goes to the club in the afternoon.()

  Tom goes to bed at 10:00 p. m.()

  四、词汇运用(每小题1分,共10分)

  (一)用所给单词的适当形式填空

  36. Little Jimmy________(brush) his shoesoften.

  37. Jack draws the ________(good) picturesin his class.

  38. What time________Jimusually________(get) up?

  39. The little boy gets ________(dress)quickly and runs out.

  40. The baby only has three________(tooth).

  (二)用方框中所给词的适当形式填空

  o'clock, group, run, early, fifty

  41. It is seven ________. Let's havebreakfast.

  42. —I usually get up at 5: 00 in the morning.

  —That's so ________.

  43. Our teacher asks us to read in________.

  44. —You can see ________ students in the room.

  —Oh, yes. Thirty boys and twenty girls.

  45. —Let's do some sports after school.

  —What about ________ in the park?

  五、补全对话(每小题2分,共10分)

  Maria:What time do you usually get up on Sundays?

  Rick:________46

  Maria:Why do you get up so early?________47

  Rick:________48 I go to the club at six thirty on Sunday mornings.

  Maria:What sports do you play in the club?

  Rick:I play basketball and swim. At about eight I go home.

  Maria:Then what do you do?

  Rick:________49 And usually I help my sister with her English.

  Maria:Do you watch TV on Sunday evenings?

  Rick:Yes, I do. I usually watch TV with my parents.________50

  A. We don't go to school on Sundays.

  B. We all like to watch TV.

  C. I join a sports club.

  D. On February the twelfth.

  E. I do my homework.

  F. We don't like them.

  G. At six.

  六、综合填空(每小题1分,共10分)

  John is a middle school student. He playsbasketball for the Children's basketball club. He u________51 gets up at about5:30 and then brusheshis ________52(tooth). From 5:40 to 6:40 he e________53 in his school. He often runs. After that, he takesa s________54 and then has breakfast at 7 o'clock. For breakfast, he likes eggsand vegetables ________55(well). At about 8:00, he plays basketball ________56 his friends. They play for a longtime. At about a q________57 to 12, they have lunch. For lunch, John has lotsof vegetables, chicken and fruit. He n________58 eats junk food. He thinks itis not healthy. At 3 o'clock in the afternoon, John goes ________59(quick) tothe children's basketball club. At n________60, he watches basketball games onTV and then goes to bed at 10:30.

  七、书面表达(25分)

  根据图表信息完成Paul写给Mary的信,叙述Paul一天的作息安排。70词左右?泛徒嵛惨迅,不计入总词数。

  时间 活动

  6:00 a. m. get up

  6:30 a. m. eat breakfast

  6:50 a. m. go to school

  8:00 a. m.—3:00 p. m. have classes

  3:30 p. m. play basketball

  4:30 p. m. go home

  6:30 p. m eat dinner

  9:30 p. m. go to bed

  Dear Mary,

  You want to know about my daily life. Letme tell you. ____________________________

  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  _______________________________________________________________________________

  Yours,

  Paul

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